Publication List

Email Registration: Security Code:[security code]

Publication List

Published papers using the SuperMAG service. Please inform the PI of any relevant papers not included in the list.

2021

Engebretson, M.J., Pilipenko, V.A., Steinmetz, E.S., Moldwin, M.B., Connors, M.G., Boteler, D.H., Singer, H.J., Opgenoorth, H., Schillings, A., Ohtani, S. and Gjerloev, J., 2021. Nighttime magnetic perturbation events observed in Arctic Canada: 3. Occurrence and amplitude as functions of magnetic latitude, local time, and magnetic disturbance indices. Space Weather, 19(3), e2020SW002526, doi:10.1029/2020SW002526.

2020

Aa, E., Zhang, S.R., Erickson, P.J., Goncharenko, L.P., Coster, A.J., Jonah, O.F., Lei, J., Huang, F., Dang, T. and Liu, L., 2020. Coordinated Ground-Based and Space-Borne Observations of Ionospheric Response to the Annular Solar Eclipse on 26 December 2019. Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics, 125(11), p.e2020JA028296, doi:10.1029/2020JA028296.

Belakhovsky, V.B., Pilipenko, V.A., Sakharov, Ya.A. and Selivanov, V.N., 2020. Growth of geomagnetic-induced currents in power lines during a magnetic storm of August 25-26, 2018. Physics of Auroral Phenomena, Proc. XLIII Annual Seminar, Apatity, pp. 15-18, Polar Geophysical Institute,doi:10.1029/2020JA027828.

Bergeot, N., Alfonsi, L., Cilliers, P.J., De Franceschi, G., Correia, E., Enell, C.F., Engebretson, M.J., Häggström, I., Heygster, G., Kauristie, K. and Kosch, M., Polar atmosphere and Geospace: Present knowledge, infrastructures and future research directions.

Bergin, A., Chapman, S.C. and Gjerloev, J.W., 2020. AE, DST, and their SuperMAG counterparts: The effect of improved spatial resolution in geomagnetic indices. Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics, 125(5), p.e2020JA027828, doi:10.1029/2020JA027828.

Bhatt, A., Valentic, T., Reimer, A., Lamarche, L., Reyes, P. and Cosgrove, R., 2020. Reproducible Software Environment: a tool enabling computational reproducibility in geospace sciences and facilitating collaboration. Journal of Space Weather and Space Climate, 10, p.12, doi:10.1051/swsc/2020011.

Blake, S.P., Pulkkinen, A., Schuck, P.W., Glocer, A. and Tóth, G., Estimating Maximum Extent of Auroral Equatorward Boundary using Historical and Simulated Surface Magnetic Field Data. Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics, p.e2020JA028284, doi:10.1029/2020JA028284.

Blake, S.P., Pulkkinen, A., Schuck, P.W., Nevanlinna, H., Reale, O., Veenadhari, B. and Mukherjee, S., 2020. Magnetic field measurements from Rome during the August–September 1859 storms. Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics, 125(6), p.e2019JA027336, doi:10.1029/2019JA027336.

Carter, J.A., Milan, S.E., Paxton, L.J., Anderson, B.J. and Gjerloev, J., 2020. Height-Integrated Ionospheric Conductances Parameterized By Interplanetary Magnetic Field and Substorm Phase. Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics, 125(10), p.e2020JA028121, doi:10.1029/2020JA028121.

Chinkin, V.E., Soloviev, A.A. and Pilipenko, V.A., 2020. Identification of Vortex Currents in the Ionosphere and Estimation of Their Parameters Based on Ground Magnetic Data. Geomagnetism and Aeronomy, 60(5), pp.559-569, doi:10.1134/S0016793220050035.

Chinkin, V.E., Soloviev, A.A. and Pilipenko, VA, 2020. Isolation of eddy current structures in the ionosphere and estimation of their parameters from ground-based magnetic data. Geomagnetism and Aeronomy, 60 (5), pp. 588-599.

Cordaro, E.G., Venegas-Aravena, P. and Laroze, D., 2020. Long-term magnetic anomalies and its possible relationship to the latest Greater Chilean earthquakes in the context of the seismo-electromagnetic theory. Natural Hazards and Earth System Sciences Discussions, pp.1-28, doi:10.5194/nhess-2020-354.

Despirak, I., Lubchich, A., Gromova, L., Gromov, S. and Malysheva, L., 2020. Supersubstorms during two strong magnetic storms. Atmosphere, Ionosphere, Safety (pp. 97-99). .

Despirak, I.V., Kleimenova, N.G., Gromova, L.I., Gromov, S.V. and Malysheva, L.M., 2020. Supersubstorms during Storms of September 7–8, 2017. Geomagnetism and Aeronomy, 60(3), pp.292-300, doi:10.1134/S0016793220030044.

Despirak, I.V., Kozelova, T.V., Kozelov, B.V. and Lubchich, A.A., 2020. Westward propagation of substorm by THEMIS and ground-based observations. Journal of Atmospheric and Solar-Terrestrial Physics, 206, p.105325, doi:10.1016/j.jastp.2020.105325.

Despirak, I.V., Lubchich, A.A. and Kleimenova, N.G., 2020, Several special conditions in the solar wind for a supersubstorm appearance. Physics of Auroral Phenomena, pp. 7-10, doi:10.37614/2588-0039.2020.43.001.

Di Matteo, S., Viall, N.M. and Kepko, L., 2020. Power Spectral Density Background Estimate and Signal Detection via the Multitaper Method. Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics, p.e2020JA028748, doi:10.1029/2020JA028748.

Dobrovolsky, M., Kudin, D. and Krasnoperov, R., 2020. Unified Geomagnetic Database from Different Observation Networks for Geomagnetic Hazard Assessment Tasks. Data Science Journal, 19(1), doi:10.5334/dsj-2020-034.

Ebihara, Y., Lee, L.C. and Tanaka, T., 2020. Energy Flow in the Region 2 Field-Aligned Current Region Under Quasi-steady Convection. Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics, 125(2), p.e2019JA026998, doi:10.1029/2019JA026998.

Egbert, G.D., Alken, P., Maute, A., Zhang, H. and Richmond, A.D., 2020. Modeling diurnal variation magnetic fields for mantle induction studies. Geophysical Journal International.doi:10.1093/gji/ggaa533.

Engebretson, M.J., Kirkevold, K.R., Steinmetz, E.S., Pilipenko, V.A., Moldwin, M.B., McCuen, B.A., Clauer, C.R., Hartinger, M.D., Coyle, S., Opgenoorth, H. and Schillings, A., 2020. Interhemispheric comparisons of large nighttime magnetic perturbation events relevant to GICs. Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics, 125(8), p.e2020JA028128, doi:10.1029/2020JA028128.

Evdokimova, M.A. and Petrukovich, A.A., 2020, January. Estimation of the westward auroral electrojet current using sparse magnetometer chain data. In Annales Geophysicae (Vol. 38, No. 1, pp. 109-121). Copernicus GmbH, doi:10.5194/angeo-38-109-2020.

Gamarra, M.R., Gonzalez, J., Stepanova, M.V. and Antonova, E.E., 2020. Variation of Plasma Pressure at the Auroral Oval Latitudes before, during, and after the Isolated Geomagnetic Substorm on December 22, 2008. Geomagnetism and Aeronomy, 60(4), pp.452-460, doi:10.1134/S0016793220040131.

Ghamry, E., Marchetti, D., Yoshikawa, A., Uozumi, T., De Santis, A., Perrone, L., Shen, X. and Fathy, A., 2020. The First Pi2 Pulsation Observed by China Seismo-Electromagnetic Satellite. Remote Sensing, 12(14), p.2300, doi:10.3390/rs12142300.

Gromova, L.I., Kleimenova, N.G., Gromov, S.V. and Malysheva, L.M., 2020. Evolution of High-Latitude Geomagnetic Disturbances during the Magnetic Storm of July 22, 2009. Geomagnetism and Aeronomy, 60(5), pp.547-558, doi:10.1134/S0016793220050084.

Guineva, V. and Werner, R., 2020, September. Substorm Activity During the Geomagnetic Storm on 25 August. In Twelfth Workshop September, 2020 (p. 65), doi:10.31401/WS.2020.proc.

Gvishiani, A. and Soloviev, A., 2020. EMF Observations and Data Processing. In Observations, Modeling and Systems Analysis in Geomagnetic Data Interpretation (pp. 29-96). Springer, Cham., doi:10.1007/978-3-030-58969-1.

Gvishiani, A. and Soloviev, A., 2020. Electrodynamic Processes in the Earth’s Ionosphere. In Observations, Modeling and Systems Analysis in Geomagnetic Data Interpretation (pp. 147-205). Springer, Cham., doi:10.1007/978-3-030-58969-1.

Gvishiani, A. and Soloviev, A., 2020. Geomagnetic Information and Big Data. In Observations, Modeling and Systems Analysis in Geomagnetic Data Interpretation (pp. 233-268). Springer, Cham., doi:10.1007/978-3-030-58969-1.

Haiducek, J.D., Welling, D.T., Morley, S.K., Ganushkina, N.Y. and Chu, X., 2020. Using multiple signatures to improve accuracy of substorm identification. Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics, 125(4), p.e2019JA027559, doi:10.1029/2019JA027559.

Hajra, R., Tsurutani, B.T. and Lakhina, G.S., 2020. The Complex Space Weather Events of 2017 September. The Astrophysical Journal, 899(1), p.3, doi:10.3847/1538-4357/aba2c5.

Hall, C.M. and Johnsen, M.G., 2020. Influence of geomagnetic activity on derivation of temperatures from meteor wind radars. Radio Science, 55(11), p.e2020RS007123, doi:10.1029/2020RS007123.

Hashimoto, K.K., Kikuchi, T., Tomizawa, I., Hosokawa, K., Chum, J., Buresova, D., Nose, M. and Koga, K., 2020. Penetration electric fields observed at middle and low latitudes during the 22 June 2015 geomagnetic storm. Earth, Planets and Space, 72, pp.1-15, doi:10.1186/s40623-020-01196-0.

He, F., Guo, R.L., Dunn, W.R., Yao, Z.H., Zhang, H.S., Hao, Y.X., Shi, Q.Q., Rong, Z.J., Liu, J., Tian, A.M. and Zhang, X.X., 2020. Plasmapause surface wave oscillates the magnetosphere and diffuse aurora. Nature communications, 11(1), pp.1-11, doi:10.1038/s41467-020-15506-3.

Helmboldt, J.F., Haiducek, J.D. and Clarke, T.E., 2020. The properties and origins of corotating plasmaspheric irregularities as revealed through a new tomographic technique. Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics, 125(3), p.e2019JA027483, doi:10.1029/2019JA027483.

Huang, C.S., 2020. Systematical analyses of global ionospheric disturbance current systems caused by multiple processes: Penetration electric fields, solar wind pressure impulses, magnetospheric substorms, and ULF waves. Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics, 125(9), p.e2020JA027942, doi:10.1029/2020JA027942.

Jinbin, C.A.O. and Junying, Y.A.N.G., 2020. Magnetospheric Physics in China. Journal of Space Science, 40(5), pp.778-855, doi:10.11728/cjss2020.05.778.

Jonah, O.F., Zhang, S., Coster, A.J., Goncharenko, L.P., Erickson, P.J., Rideout, W., de Paula, E.R. and de Jesus, R., 2020. Understanding Inter-Hemispheric Traveling Ionospheric Disturbances and Their Mechanisms. Remote Sensing, 12(2), p.228, doi:10.3390/rs12020228.

Kataoka, R., 2020. Extreme geomagnetic activities: a statistical study. Earth, Planets and Space, 72(1), pp.1-10, doi:10.1186/s40623-020-01261-8.

Keiling, A., Thaller, S., Dombeck, J. and Wygant, J., 2020. Temporal evolution of substorm-driven global Alfvén wave power above the auroral acceleration region. Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics, 125(4), p.e2019JA027444, doi:10.1029/2019JA027444.

Kleimenova, N.G., Gromova, L.I., Gromov, S.V. and Malysheva, L.M., 2020, September. Strong High-Latitude Geomagnetic Response to the Initial Phase of the Magnetic Storm on 5 April 2010. In Twelfth Workshop September, 2020(p. 71), doi:10.31401/WS.2020.proc.

Kozyreva, O.V., Pilipenko, V.A., Bland, E.C., Baddeley, L.J. and Zakharov, V.I., 2020. Periodic modulation of the upper ionosphere by ULF waves as observed simultaneously by SuperDARN radars and GPS/TEC technique. Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics, 125(7), p.e2020JA028032, doi:10.1029/2020JA028032.

Kunduri, B.S.R., Maimaiti, M., Baker, J.B.H., Ruohoniemi, J.M., Anderson, B.J. and Vines, S.K., 2020. A Deep Learning-Based Approach for Modeling the Dynamics of AMPERE Birkeland Currents. Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics, 125(8), p.e2020JA027908, doi:10.1029/2020JA027908.

Lee, S.H., Sibeck, D.G., Lin, Y., Guo, Z., Adrian, M.L., Silveira, M.V.D., Cohen, I.J., Mauk, B.H., Mason, G.M., Ho, G.C. and Giles, B.L., 2020. Characteristics of escaping magnetospheric ions associated with magnetic field fluctuations. Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics, 125(4), p.e2019JA027337, doi:10.1029/2019JA027337.

Li Ming, Tang Weiwei and Fan Quanlin, 2020. Review of European Space Weather Integration Action. Science and Technology Review, 38(22), pp.86-94, .

Li Shiyou, Xie Rong and Xiao Yang, 2020. Statistical analysis of substorms in the Earth’s magnetosphere. Chinese Journal of Space Science, 40(6), pp.1000-1006, doi:10.11728/cjss2020.06.1000.

Liou, K., Sotirelis, T. and Mitchell, E., 2020. Control of the east-west component of the interplanetary magnetic field on the occurrence of magnetic substorms. Geophysical Research Letters, p.e2020GL087406, doi:10.1029/2020GL087406.

Liu, J., Lyons, L.R., Wang, C.P., Hairston, M.R., Zhang, Y. and Zou, Y., 2020. Dawnside auroral polarization streams. Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics, 125(8), p.e2019JA027742, doi:10.1029/2019JA027742.

Liu, M.Z., Xie, Y.Z., Chen, Y.H. and Liu, Q., 2020. Modeling the 10,000-year Geomagnetic Disturbance Scenarios Based on Extreme Value Analysis. IEEE Letters on Electromagnetic Compatibility Practice and Applications.

Liu, T.Z., Wang, C.P., Wang, B., Wang, X., Zhang, H., Lin, Y. and Angelopoulos, V., 2020. ARTEMIS observations of foreshock transients in the midtail foreshock. Geophysical Research Letters, 47(21), p.e2020GL090393, doi:10.1029/2020GL090393.

Lockwood, M., McWilliams, K.A., Owens, M.J., Barnard, L.A., Watt, C.E., Scott, C.J., Macneil, A.R. and Coxon, J.C., 2020. Semi-annual, annual and Universal Time variations in the magnetosphere and in geomagnetic activity: 2. Response to solar wind power input and relationships with solar wind dynamic pressure and magnetospheric flux transport. Journal of Space Weather and Space Climate, 10, p.30, doi:10.1051/swsc/2020033.

Lockwood, M., Owens, M.J., Barnard, L.A., Haines, C., Scott, C.J., McWilliams, K.A. and Coxon, J.C., 2020. Semi-annual, annual and Universal Time variations in the magnetosphere and in geomagnetic activity: 1. Geomagnetic data. Journal of Space Weather and Space Climate, 10, p.23, doi:10.1051/swsc/2020023.

Lu, G., Zakharenkova, I., Cherniak, I. and Dang, T., 2020. Large-Scale Ionospheric Disturbances During the 17 March 2015 Storm: A Model-Data Comparative Study. Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics, 125(5), p.e2019JA027726, doi:10.1029/2019JA027726.

Lühr, H. and Zhou, Y.L., 2020, June. Relation between the asymmetric ring current effect and the anti-sunward auroral currents, as deduced from CHAMP observations. In Annales Geophysicae (Vol. 38, No. 3, pp. 749-764). Copernicus GmbH., doi:10.5194/angeo-38-749-2020.

Makarov, G.A., 2020. Geometric factor in seasonal variations of daily average values of the geomagnetic index Dst. Solar-Terrestrial Physics, 6(4), pp.50-56, doi:10.12737/stp-64202008.

Makarov, GA, 2020. Geometric factor in seasonal variations of daily mean values of the geomagnetic index Dst. Solar-Terrestrial Physics, 6 (4), pp. 59-66, doi:10.12737/szf-64202008.

Mandrikova, O. and Rodomanskay, A., 2020. Dynamics and spatio-temporal distribution of geomagnetic disturbances during periods of increased solar activity and magnetic storms. In E3S Web of Conferences (Vol. 196, p. 02009). EDP Sciences, doi:10.1051/e3sconf/202019602009.

Manninen, J., Kleimenova, N.G., Gromova, L.I., Fedorenko, Y.V. and Nikitenko, A.S., 2020. Daytime VLF Emissions during the Magnetic Storm Recovery Phase: the Event of January 5, 2015. Geomagnetism and Aeronomy, 60(3), pp.301-310, doi:10.1134/S0016793220030111.

Marsal, S., Torta, J.M., Pavón-Carrasco, F.J., Blake, S.P. and Piersanti, M., 2020. Including the Temporal Dimension in the SECS Technique. Space Weather, 18(10), p.e2020SW002491, doi:10.1029/2020SW002491.

Maruyama, N., 2020. Storms and substorms - The new whole system approach and future challenges. In The Dynamical Ionosphere (pp. 87-119). Elsevier, doi:10.1016/B978-0-12-814782-5.00009-1.

Matsuo, T., 2020. Recent progress on inverse and data assimilation procedure for high-latitude ionospheric electrodynamics. Ionospheric Multi-Spacecraft Analysis Tools, pp.219-232, doi:10.1007/978-3-030-26732-2_10.

McGranaghan, R., Kellerman, A., Arritt, R., Bortnik, J., Cohen, M., Venkataramani, K., McCormick, J., Hughes, J., Ngwira, C. and Perry, C., 2020. The Heliophysics and Space Weather Open Knowledge Network: The Convergence Hub for the Exploration of Space Science (CHESS). Earth and Space Science Open Archive ESSOAr, doi:10.1002/essoar.10503724.1.

McPherron, R.L., El-Alaoui, M., Walker, R.J., Nishimura, Y. and Weygand, J.M., 2020. The relation of N-S auroral streamers to auroral expansion. Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics, 125(4), p.e2019JA027063, doi:10.1029/2019ja027063.

Mishin, V. and Kurikalova, M., 2020. Magnetospheric substorms in the earth two hemispheres. The 8 March 2008 and 6 April 2000 events. Danish Scientific Journal, (42-2), pp.7-21.

Mishin, V.V., Tsegmed, B., Klibanova, Y.Y. and Kurikalova, M.A., 2020. Burst Geomagnetic Pulsations as Indicators of Substorm Expansion Onsets During Storms. Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics, 125(10), p.e2020JA028521, doi:10.1029/2020JA028521.

Moiseev, A.V., Starodubtsev, S.A. and Mishin, V.V., 2020. Features of Excitation and Azimuthal and Meridional Propagation of Long-Period Pi3 Oscillations of the Geomagnetic Field on December 8, 2017. Solar-Terrestrial Physics, 6(3), pp.46-59, doi:10.12737/stp-63202007 .

Moiseev, A.V., Starodubtsev, S.A. and Mishin, V.V., 2020. Features of excitation and propagation of long period Pi3 Oscillations of the Geomagnetic Field in Azimuth and Meridian on December 8, 2017 Solar-Terrestrial Physics, 6 (3), pp.56-72, doi:10.12737/szf-63202007.

Motoba, T., Ohtani, S., Claudepierre, S.G., Reeves, G.D., Ukhorskiy, A.Y. and Lanzerotti, L.J., 2020. Dynamic Properties of Particle Injections Inside Geosynchronous Orbit: A Multisatellite Case Study. Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics, 125(9), p.e2020JA028215, doi:10.1029/2020JA028215.

Nishimura, Y., Lyons, L.R., Gabrielse, C., Weygand, J.M., Donovan, E.F. and Angelopoulos, V., 2020. Relative contributions of large-scale and wedgelet currents in the substorm current wedge. Earth, Planets and Space, 72(1), pp.1-10, doi:10.1186/s40623-020-01234-x.

Nowada, M., Zong, Q.G., Hubert, B., Shi, Q.Q., Wang, Y.F., Yang, J., Grocott, A., Degeling, A.W., Tian, A.M., Zhou, X.Z. and Yue, C., 2020. North-South Asymmetric Nightside Distorted Transpolar Arcs Within A Framework of Deformed Magnetosphere-Ionosphere Coupling: IMF-By Dependence, Ionospheric Currents, and Magnetotail Reconnection. Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics, 125(10), p.2020JA027991, doi:10.1029/2020JA027991.

Nowada, M., Zong, Q.G., Hubert, B., Shi, Q.Q., Wang, Y.F., Yang, J., Grocott, A., Degeling, A.W., Tian, A.M., Zhou, X.Z. and Yue, C., 2020. Plasma Transport from A Deformed Magnetotail to The High-latitude Atmosphere Manifested by A Nightside Distorted Auroral Transpolar Arc, doi:10.1002/essoar.10502674.1.

Ohtani, S. and Gjerloev, J.W., 2020. Is the substorm current wedge an ensemble of wedgelets?: Revisit to midlatitude positive bays. Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics, 125(9), p.e2020JA027902, doi:10.1029/2020JA027902.

Ohtani, S., Motoba, T., Takahashi, K. and Califf, S., 2020. Generalized Substorm Current Wedge Model: Two Types of Dipolarizations in the Inner Magnetosphere. Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics, 125(9), p.e2020JA027890, doi:10.1029/2020JA027890.

Oliveira, D.M., Hartinger, M.D., Xu, Z., Zesta, E., Pilipenko, V.A., Giles, B.L. and Silveira, M.V., 2020. Interplanetary Shock Impact Angles Control Magnetospheric ULF Wave Activity: Wave Amplitude, Frequency, and Power Spectra. Geophysical Research Letters, 47(24), p.e2020GL090857, doi:10.1029/2020GL090857.

Owolabi, C., Lei, J., Bolaji, O.S., Ren, D. and Yoshikawa, A., 2020. Ionospheric Current Variations Induced by the Solar Flares of 6 and 10 September 2017. Space Weather, 18(11), p.e2020SW002608, doi:10.1029/2020SW002608.

Pandit, D., Chapagain, N.P. and Adhikari, B., 2020. Study of Ionospheric Variability during Super Substorms. Journal of Nepal Physical Society, 6(2), pp.74-84, doi:10.3126/jnphyssoc.v6i2.34862.

Penskikh, Y., 2020. Applying the Method of Maximum Contributions to the Magnetogram Inversion Technique. Solar-Terrestrial Physics, 6(4), pp.57-65, doi:10.12737/stp-64202009.

Penskikh, Yu.V., 2020. Applying the method of maximum contributions to the magnetogram inversion technique. Solar-Terrestrial Physics, 6 (4), pp. 67-76, doi:10.12737/stp-64202009.

Remya, B., Sibeck, D.G., Ruohoniemi, J.M., Kunduri, B., Halford, A.J., Reeves, G.D. and Reddy, R.V., 2020. Association between EMIC wave occurrence and enhanced convection periods during ion injections. Geophysical Research Letters, 47(3), p.e2019GL085676, doi:10.1029/2019GL085676.

Ren, J., Zou, S., Lu, J., Giertych, N., Chen, Y., Varney, R.H. and Reimer, A.S., 2020. Statistical Study of Ion Upflow and Downflow Observed by PFISR. Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics, 125(10), p.e2020JA028179, doi:10.1029/2020JA028179.

Rogers, N.C., Wild, J.A. and Eastoe, E.F., 2020, August. The distribution and direction of extreme geomagnetic fluctuations over 1-60 minute periods. In 2020 XXXIIIrd General Assembly and Scientific Symposium of the International Union of Radio Science (pp. 1-4). IEEE, doi:10.23919/URSIGASS49373.2020.9232328.

Rogers, N.C., Wild, J.A., Eastoe, E.F., Gjerloev, J.W. and Thomson, A.W., 2020. A global climatological model of extreme geomagnetic field fluctuations. Journal of Space Weather and Space Climate, 10, p.5, doi:10.1051/swsc/2020008.

Salice, J.A., 2020. Solar wind drivers of energetic electron precipitation (Master's thesis, The University of Bergen).

Sangha, H., Milan, S.E., Carter, J.A., Fogg, A.R., Anderson, B.J., Korth, H. and Paxton, L.J., 2020. Bifurcated Region 2 Field-Aligned Currents Associated With Substorms. Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics, 125(1), p.e2019JA027041, doi:10.1029/2019JA027041.

Sergeev, V.A., Shukhtina, M.A., Stepanov, N.A., Rogov, D.D., Nikolaev, A.V., Spanswick, E., Donovan, E., Raita, T. and Kero, A., 2020. Toward the reconstruction of substorm-related dynamical pattern of the radiowave auroral absorption. Space Weather, 18(3), p.e2019SW002385, doi:10.1029/2019SW002385.

Shen, H.W., Shue, J.H., Dombeck, J. and Li, H.M., 2020. Geomagnetic Effects in Spatial Distributions of Particle Precipitation in Terms of Particle Energy Channels. Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics, 125(9), p.e2020JA028137, doi:10.1029/2020JA028137.

Sinevich, A.A., Chernyshov, A.A. and Chugunin, DV, 2020. Investigation of narrow fluxes of subauroral ion drifts during geomagnetic activity based on satellite data. In Basic and Applied Space Research (pp. 134-142).

Smith, A.W., Rae, I.J., Forsyth, C., Watt, C.E.J. and Murphy, K.R., 2020. On the magnetospheric ULF wave counterpart of substorm onset. Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics, 125(4), p.e2019JA027573, doi:10.1029/2019JA027573.

Stauning, P., 2020. Using PC indices to predict violent GIC events threatening power grids. Journal of Space Weather and Space Climate, 10, p.3, doi:10.1051/swsc/2020004.

Topliff, C., Cohen, M. and Bristow, W., 2020. Simultaneously forecasting global geomagnetic activity using Recurrent Networks. arXiv preprint arXiv:2010.06487. (doi:abs/2010.06487).

Torta, J.M., 2020. Modelling by Spherical Cap Harmonic Analysis: A Literature Review. Surveys in Geophysics, 41(2), pp.201-247, doi:10.1007/s10712-019-09576-2.

Uchida, H.A., Kataoka, R., Kadokura, A., Murase, K., Yukimatu, A.S., Miyoshi, Y., Shiokawa, K., Ebihara, Y., Hosokawa, K., Matsuoka, A. and Kurita, S., 2020. Asymmetric Development of Auroral Surges in the Northern and Southern Hemispheres. Geophysical Research Letters, 47(13), p.e2020GL088750, doi:10.1029/2020GL088750.

Vorobiev, A.V., Pilipenko, V.A., Enikeev, T.A. and Vorobeva, G.R., 2020. Geoinformation system for analyzing the dynamics of extreme geomagnetic disturbances from observations of ground stations. Computer Optics, 44(5), pp.782-790. .

Walach, M.T., Hunt, G., Fogg, A. and Bader, A., 2020. Autumn MIST 2019. Astronomy & Geophysics, 61(4), pp.4-26, doi:10.1093/astrogeo/ataa056.

Wang Hui, Yu Lei and Zheng Zhichao, 2020. Statistical study of abnormal polarity and density of field-aligned currents events. Chinese Journal of Geophysics, 63(4), pp.1294-1307, doi:10.6038/cjg2020N0217.

Wang, B., Nishimura, Y., Hartinger, M., Sivadas, N., Lyons, L.L., Varney, R.H. and Angelopoulos, V., 2020. Ionospheric Modulation by Storm Time Pc5 ULF Pulsations and the Structure Detected by PFISR-THEMIS Conjunction. Geophysical Research Letters, 47(16), p.e2020GL089060, doi:10.1029/2020GL089060.

Wasti, S., 2020. Analysis of solar wind energy and the Akasofu parameter for energy dynamics assessment during Supersubstorm. arXiv preprint arXiv:2007.12352. .

Wu, H., Lu, X., Lu, G., Chu, X., Wang, W., Yu, Z., Kilcommons, L.M., Knipp, D.J., Wang, B. and Nishimura, Y., 2020. Importance of Regional-Scale Auroral Precipitation and Electrical Field Variability to the Storm-Time Thermospheric Temperature Enhancement and Inversion Layer (TTEIL) in the Antarctic E Region. Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics, 125(9), p.e2020JA028224, doi:10.1029/2020JA028224.

Wu, J., Knudsen, D.J., Gillies, D.M. and Burchill, J.K., 2020. Swarm survey of Alfvénic fluctuations and their relation to nightside field-aligned current and auroral arc systems. Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics, 125(3), p.e2019JA027220, doi:10.1029/2019JA027220.

Yadav, S., Shiokawa, K., Oyama, S. and Otsuka, Y., 2020. Multi-event analysis of oscillatory motion of medium-scale traveling ionospheric disturbances observed by a 630-nm airglow imager over Tromsø. Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics, 125(3), p.e2019JA027598, doi:10.1029/2019JA027598.

Yamauchi, M., Johnsen, M.G., Enell, C.F., Tjulin, A., Willer, A. and Sormakov, D.A., 2020, November. High-latitude crochet: solar-flare-induced magnetic disturbance independent from low-latitude crochet. In Annales Geophysicae (Vol. 38, No. 6, pp. 1159-1170). Copernicus GmbH., doi:10.5194/angeo-38-1159-2020.

Yamauchi, M., Johnsen, M.G., Enell, C.F., Tjulin, A., Willer, A. and Sormakov, D.A., 2020. High-latitude crochet: solar flare-induced magnetic disturbance independent from low-latitude. Annales Geophysicae Discussions, 2020, pp.1-18, doi:10.5194/angeo-2020-48.

Yamazaki, Y., Miyoshi, Y., Xiong, C., Stolle, C., Soares, G. and Yoshikawa, A., 2020. Whole Atmosphere Model Simulations of Ultrafast Kelvin Wave Effects in the Ionosphere and Thermosphere. Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics, 125(7), p.e2020JA027939, doi:10.1029/2020JA027939.

Zou, Y., Lyons, L., Conde, M., Varney, R., Angelopoulos, V. and Mende, S., 2020. Effects of Substorms on High-Latitude Upper Thermospheric Winds. Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics, p.e2020JA028193, doi:10.1029/2020JA028193.

2019

Belakhovsky, V., Pilipenko, V., Engebretson, M., Sakharov, Y. and Selivanov, V., 2019. Impulsive disturbances of the geomagnetic field as a cause of induced currents of electric power lines. Journal of Space Weather and Space Climate, 9, p.A18, doi:10.1051/swsc/2019015.

Bhaskar, A. and Vichare, G., 2019. Forecasting of SYMH and ASYH indices for geomagnetic storms of solar cycle 24 including St. Patrick’s day, 2015 storm using NARX neural network. Journal of Space Weather and Space Climate, 9, p.A12, doi:10.1051/swsc/2019007.

Cameron, T.G., Jackel, B. and Oliveira, D.M., 2019. Using mutual information to determine geoeffectiveness of solar wind phase fronts with different front orientations. Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics, 124(3), pp.1582-1592, doi:10.1029/2018JA026080.

Capman, N.S.S., Simms, L.E., Engebretson, M.J., Clilverd, M.A., Rodger, C.J., Reeves, G.D., Lessard, M.R. and Gjerloev, J., 2019. Comparison of multiple and logistic regression analyses of relativistic electron flux enhancement at geosynchronous orbit following storms. Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics, 124(12), pp.10246-10256, doi:10.1029/2019JA027132.

Caraballo, R., González-Esparza, J.A., Sergeeva, M. and Pacheco, C.R., 2019. First GIC estimates for the mexican power grid. Space Weather, 18(2), p.e2019SW002260, doi:10.1029/2019SW002260.

Despirak, I., Kleimenova, N., Gromova, L., Gromov, S. and Malysheva, L., 2019. Supersubstorms during strong magnetic storm on 7 September 2017. In E3S Web of Conferences (Vol. 127, p. 01010). EDP Sciences, doi:10.1051/e3sconf/201912701010.

Despirak, I.V., Lyubchich, A.A. and Kleimenova, N.G., 2019. Supersubstorms and Conditions in the Solar Wind. Geomagnetism and Aeronomy, 59(2), pp.170-176, doi:10.1134/S0016793219020075.

Dimitrakoudis, S. and Mann, I.R., 2019. On the Close Correspondence Between Storm Time ULF Wave Power and the POES VLF Chorus Wave Amplitude Proxy. Geophysical Research Letters, 46(4), pp.1947-1955, doi:10.1029/2018GL081317.

Ebihara, Y., Tanaka, T. and Kamiyoshikawa, N., 2019. New diagnosis for energy flow from solar wind to ionosphere during substorm: Global MHD simulation. Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics, 124(1), pp.360-378, doi:10.1029/2018JA026177.

Engebretson, M.J., Pilipenko, V.A., Ahmed, L.Y., Posch, J.L., Steinmetz, E.S., Moldwin, M.B., Connors, M.G., Weygand, J.M., Mann, I.R., Boteler, D.H. and Russell, C.T., 2019. Nighttime magnetic perturbation events observed in Arctic Canada: 1. Survey and statistical analysis. Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics, 124(9), pp.7442-7458, doi:10.1029/2019JA026794.

Engebretson, M.J., Steinmetz, E.S., Posch, J.L., Pilipenko, V.A., Moldwin, M.B., Connors, M.G., Boteler, D.H., Mann, I.R., Hartinger, M.D., Weygand, J.M. and Lyons, L.R., 2019. Nighttime magnetic perturbation events observed in Arctic Canada: 2. Multiple-instrument observations. Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics, 124(9), pp.7459-7476, doi:10.1029/2019JA026797.

Freeman, M.P., Forsyth, C. and Rae, I.J., 2019. The influence of substorms on extreme rates of change of the surface horizontal magnetic field in the United Kingdom. Space Weather, 17(6), pp.827-844., doi:10.1029/2018SW002148.

Gabrielse, C., Spanswick, E., Artemyev, A., Nishimura, Y., Runov, A., Lyons, L., Angelopoulos, V., Turner, D.L., Reeves, G.D., McPherron, R. and Donovan, E., 2019. Utilizing the Heliophysics/Geospace System Observatory to understand particle injections: Their scale sizes and propagation directions. Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics, 124(7), pp.5584-5609, doi:10.1029/2018JA025588.

Gkioulidou, M., Ohtani, S., Ukhorskiy, A.Y., Mitchell, D.G., Takahashi, K., Spence, H.E., Wygant, J.R., Kletzing, C.A. and Barnes, R.J., 2019. Low-energy (< keV) O+ ion outflow directly into the inner magnetosphere: Van Allen Probes observations. Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics, 124(1), pp.405-419, doi:10.1029/2018JA025862.

Haiducek, J.D., Ganushkina, N.Y., Dubyagin, S. and Welling, D.T., 2019. On the accuracy of adiabaticity parameter estimations using magnetospheric models. Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics, 124(3), pp.1785-1805, doi:10.1029/2018JA025916.

Huang, C.S., 2019. Global ionospheric current system associated with penetration electric field and new mechanism for the generation of dayside westward electric field at low latitudes during northward IMF. Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics, 124(5), pp.3827-3842, doi:10.1029/2018JA026345.

Jauer, P.R., Wang, C., Souza, V.M., Alves, M.V., Alves, L.R., Pádua, M.B., Marchezi, J.P., Silva, D.L., Liu, Z., Li, H. and Vieira, L.E.A., 2019. A Global Magnetohydrodynamic Simulation Study of Ultra-low-frequency Wave Activity in the Inner Magnetosphere: Corotating Interaction Region+ Alfvénic Fluctuations. The Astrophysical Journal, 886(1), p.59, doi:10.3847/1538-4357/ab4db5.

Katamzi-Joseph, Z.T., Aruliah, A.L., Oksavik, K., Habarulema, J.B., Kauristie, K. and Kosch, M.J., 2019. Multi-instrument observations of large-scale atmospheric gravity waves/traveling ionospheric disturbances associated with enhanced auroral activity over Svalbard. Advances in Space Research, 63(1), pp.270-281, doi:10.1016/j.asr.2018.08.042.

Keiling, A., Thaller, S., Wygant, J. and Dombeck, J., 2019. Global Alfvén wave power in the auroral zone in relation to the AE index. Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics, 124(11), pp.8637-8646, doi:10.1029/2019JA026805.

LaBelle, J., Lessard, M., Nosé, M. and Raeder, J., 2019. Special issue “The 13th International Conference on Substorms”. Earth, Planets and Space, 71(1), p.10, doi:10.1186/s40623-019-0990-1.

Lam, M.M., Freeman, M.P., Jackman, C.M., Rae, I.J., Kalmoni, N.M.E., Sandhu, J.K. and Forsyth, C., 2019. How Well Can We Estimate Pedersen Conductance From the THEMIS White-Light All-Sky Cameras?. Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics, 124(4), pp.2920-2934, doi:10.1029/2018JA026067.

Landry, R.G. and Anderson, P.C., 2019. Empirical Modeling of the Equatorward Boundary of Auroral Precipitation Using DMSP and DE 2. Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics, 124(3), pp.2072-2082, doi:10.1029/2018JA025451.

Li, W. and Hudson, M.K., 2019. Earth's Van Allen Radiation Belts: From Discovery to the Van Allen Probes Era. Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics, 124(11), pp.8319-8351, doi:10.1029/2018JA025940.

Liu, B., Zhang, X. and He, F., 2019. Tilt of the ring current during the main phases of intense geomagnetic storms. Science China Technological Sciences, 62(5), pp.820-828, doi:10.1007/s11431-018-9344-5.

Liu, B., Zhang, X., He, F., & Zong, Q.G., 2019. The magnetic local time distribution of storm geomagnetic field disturbance under different conditions of solar wind and interplanetary magnetic field. Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics, 124, 2656– 2667, doi:10.1029/2018JA026287.

Lockwood, M., 2019. Does Adding Solar Wind Poynting Flux Improve the Optimum Solar Wind-Magnetosphere Coupling Function?. Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics, 124(7), pp.5498-5515, doi:10.1029/2019JA026639.

Lockwood, M., Bentley, S.N., Owens, M.J., Barnard, L.A., Scott, C.J., Watt, C.E. and Allanson, O., 2019. The development of a space climatology: 1. solar wind magnetosphere coupling as a function of timescale and the effect of data gaps. Space Weather, 17(1), pp.133-156, doi:10.1029/2018SW001856.

Lockwood, M., Chambodut, A., Finch, I.D., Barnard, L.A., Owens, M.J. and Haines, C., 2019. Time-of-day/time-of-year response functions of planetary geomagnetic indices. Journal of Space Weather and Space Climate, 9, p.A20, doi:10.1051/swsc/2019017.

Lunyushkin, S.B., Mishin, V.V., Karavaev, Y.A., Penskikh, Y.V. and Kapustin, V.E., 2019. Studying the dynamics of electric currents and polar caps in ionospheres of two hemispheres during the August 17, 2001 geomagnetic storm. Solar-Terrestrial Physics, 5(2), pp.15-27, doi:10.12737/szf-52201903.

Lunyushkin, S.B. and Penskikh, Y.V., 2019. Diagnostics of the auroral oval boundaries on the basis of the magnetogram inversion technique. Solar-Terr. Phys, 5(2), pp.97-113, doi:10.12737/szf-52201913.

Lyons, L.R., Nishimura, Y., Zhang, S.R., Coster, A.J., Bhatt, A., Kendall, E. and Deng, Y., 2019. Identification of auroral zone activity driving large-scale traveling ionospheric disturbances. Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics, 124(1), pp.700-714, doi:10.1029/2018JA025980.

Ma, X.H., Zong, Q.G. and Liu, Y., 2019. The intense substorm incidence in response to interplanetary shock impacts and influence on energetic electron fluxes at geosynchronous orbit. Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics, 124(5), pp.3210-3221, doi:10.1029/2018JA026115.

Maimaiti, M., Kunduri, B., Ruohoniemi, J.M., Baker, J.B.H. and House, L.L., 2019. A Deep Learning-Based Approach to Forecast the Onset of Magnetic Substorms. Space Weather, 17(11), pp.1534-1552, doi:10.1029/2019SW002251.

Milan, S.E., Walach, M.T., Carter, J.A., Sangha, H. and Anderson, B.J., 2019. Substorm onset latitude and the steadiness of magnetospheric convection. Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics, 124(3), pp.1738-1752, doi:10.1029/2018JA025969.

Mishin, V.M., Mishin, V.V., Kurikalova, M.A., Sapronova, L.A. and Karavaev, Y.A., 2019. Positive and negative feedbacks in the magnetosphere-ionosphere coupling. Journal of Atmospheric and Solar-Terrestrial Physics, 187, pp.10-21, doi:10.1016/j.jastp.2019.03.002.

Naidu, P.P., Latha, T.M. and Devi, M.I., 2019. Influence of Geomagnetic Storms on Ionospheric F 2-Layer at Low and Mid Latitudes in 300° E Meridian. Geomagnetism and Aeronomy, 59(8), pp.995-1002, doi:10.1134/S0016793219080152.

Ohma, A., Østgaard, N., Reistad, J.P., Tenfjord, P., Laundal, K.M., Moretto Jørgensen, T., Haaland, S.E., Krcelic, P. and Milan, S., 2019. Observations of Asymmetric Lobe Convection for Weak and Strong Tail Activity. Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics, doi:10.1029/2019JA026773.

Ohtani, S., 2019. Substorm Energy Transport From the Magnetotail to the Nightside Ionosphere. Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics, 124(11), pp.8669-8684, doi:10.1029/2019JA026964.

Ohtani, S., Gjerloev, J.W., Johnsen, M.G., Yamauchi, M., Brändström, U. and Lewis, A.M., 2019. Solar illumination dependence of the auroral electrojet intensity: Interplay between the solar zenith angle and dipole tilt. Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics, 124(8), pp.6636-6653, doi:10.1029/2019JA026707.

Orr, L., Chapman, S.C. and Gjerloev, J.W., 2019. Directed network of substorms using SuperMAG ground-based magnetometer data. Geophysical Research Letters, 46(12), pp.6268-6278, doi:10.1029/2019GL082824.

Ozturk, D.S., Zou, S., Slavin, J.A. and Ridley, A.J., 2019. Response of the Geospace System to the Solar Wind Dynamic Pressure Decrease on 11 June 2017: Numerical Models and Observations. Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics, 124(4), pp.2613-2627, doi:10.1029/2018JA026315.

Poh, G., Slavin, J.A., Lu, S., Le, G., Ozturk, D.S., Sun, W.J., Zou, S., Eastwood, J.P., Nakamura, R., Baumjohann, W. and Russell, C.T., 2019. Dissipation of Earthward Propagating Flux Rope Through Re-reconnection with Geomagnetic Field: An MMS Case Study. Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics, 124(9), pp.7477-7493, doi:10.1029/2018JA026451.

Potirakis, S.M., Schekotov, A., Contoyiannis, Y., Balasis, G., Koulouras, G.E., Melis, N.S., Boutsi, A.Z., Hayakawa, M., Eftaxias, K. and Nomicos, C., 2019. On Possible Electromagnetic Precursors to a Significant Earthquake (Mw= 6.3) Occurred in Lesvos (Greece) on 12 June 2017. Entropy, 21(3), p.241, doi:10.3390/e21030241.

Prikryl, P., Nikitina, L. and Rušin, V., 2019. Rapid intensification of tropical cyclones in the context of the solar wind-magnetosphere-ionosphere-atmosphere coupling. Journal of Atmospheric and Solar-Terrestrial Physics, 183, pp.36-60, doi:10.1016/j.jastp.2018.12.009.

Rodger, C.J., Turner, D.L., Clilverd, M.A. and Hendry, A.T., 2019. Magnetic Local Time-Resolved Examination of Radiation Belt Dynamics during High-Speed Solar Wind Speed-Triggered Substorm Clusters. Geophysical Research Letters, 46(17-18), pp.10219-10229, doi:10.1029/2019GL083712.

Rudd, J.T., Oliveira, D.M., Bhaskar, A. and Halford, A.J., 2019. How do interplanetary shock impact angles control the size of the geoeffective magnetosphere?. Advances in Space Research, 63(1), pp.317-326, doi:10.1016/j.asr.2018.09.013.

Sandhu, J.K., Rae, I.J., Freeman, M.P., Gkioulidou, M., Forsyth, C., Reeves, G.D., Murphy, K.R. and Walach, M.T., 2019. Substorm-Ring Current Coupling: A comparison of isolated and compound substorms. Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics, 124(8), pp.6776-6791, doi:10.1029/2019JA026766.

Sandhu, J.K., Walach, M.T., Allison, H. and Watt, C., 2019. A global view of storms and substorms. Astronomy & Geophysics, 60(3), pp.3-13, doi:10.1093/astrogeo/atz144.

Shi, Y., Oliveira, D.M., Knipp, D.J., Zesta, E., Matsuo, T. and Anderson, B., 2019. Effects of Nearly Frontal and Highly Inclined Interplanetary Shocks on High-Latitude Field-Aligned Currents (FACs). Space Weather, doi:10.1029/2019SW002367.

Shore, R.M., Freeman, M.P., Coxon, J.C., Thomas, E.G., Gjerloev, J.W. and Olsen, N., 2019. Spatial variation in the responses of the surface external and induced magnetic field to the solar wind. Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics, 124(7), pp.6195-6211, doi:10.1029/2019JA026543.

Shore, R.M., Freeman, M.P. and Gjerloev, J.W., 2019. Interplanetary magnetic field control of polar ionospheric equivalent current system modes. Space Weather, 17(7), pp.976-988, doi:10.1029/2019SW002161.

Simms, L.E., Engebretson, M.J., Rodger, C.J., Gjerloev, J.W. and Reeves, G.D., 2019. Predicting lower band chorus with autoregressive-moving average transfer function (ARMAX) models. Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics, 124(7), pp.5692-5708, doi:10.1029/2019JA026726.

Soloviev, A., Smirnov, A., Gvishiani, A., Karapetyan, J. and Simonyan, A., 2019. Quantification of Sq parameters in 2008 based on geomagnetic observatory data. Advances in Space Research, 64(11), pp.2305-2320, doi:10.1016/j.asr.2019.08.038.

Spencer, E., Srinivas, P. and Vadepu, S.K., 2019. Global Energy Dynamics During Substorms on 9 March 2008 and 26 February 2008 Using Satellite Observations and the WINDMI Model. Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics, 124(3), pp.1698-1710, doi:10.1029/2018JA025582.

Stephens, G.K., Sitnov, M.I., Korth, H., Tsyganenko, N.A., Ohtani, S., Gkioulidou, M. and Ukhorskiy, A.Y., 2019. Global empirical picture of magnetospheric substorms inferred from multimission magnetometer data. Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics, 124(2), pp.1085-1110, doi:10.1029/2018JA025843.

Suvorova, A.V., Dmitriev, A.V., Parkhomov, V.A. and Tsegmed, B., 2019. Quiet Time Structured Pc1 Waves Generated During Transient Foreshock. Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics, 124(11), pp.9075-9093, doi:10.1029/2019JA026936.

Takahashi, K. and Heilig, B., 2019. L Versus Time Structures of Dayside Magnetic Pulsations Detected by the European Quasi-Meridional Magnetometer Array. Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics, 124(8), pp.6566-6584, doi:10.1029/2019JA026796.

Uozumi, T., Yoshikawa, A. and Ohtani, S., 2019. Formation of a 3-D oscillatory current system associated with global high-correlation Pi 2 event: A case study. Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics, 125(1), p.e2019JA026988, doi:10.1029/2019JA026988.

Vichare, G., Thomas, N., Shiokawa, K., Bhaskar, A. and Sinha, A.K., 2019. Spatial Gradients in Geomagnetic Storm Time Currents Observed by Swarm Multispacecraft Mission. Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics, 124(2), pp.982-995, doi:10.1029/2018JA025692.

Vorobev, A., Pilipenko, V. and Engebretson, M., 2019. Nightside magnetic impulsive events: Statistics and possible mechanisms. In Trigger Effects in Geosystems (pp. 607-614). Springer, Cham, doi:10.1007/978-3-030-31970-0_64.

Vorobev, A. and Vorobeva, G., 2019. Properties and Type of Latitudinal Dependence of Statistical Distribution of Geomagnetic Field Variations. In Trigger Effects in Geosystems (pp. 197-206). Springer, Cham, doi:10.1007/978-3-030-31970-0_22.

Wang, B., Nishimura, Y., Zhang, H., Shen, X.C., Lyons, L., Angelopoulos, V., Ebihara, Y., Weatherwax, A., Gerrard, A.J. and Frey, H.U., 2019. The 2-D Structure of Foreshock-Driven Field Line Resonances Observed by THEMIS Satellite and Ground-Based Imager Conjunctions. Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics, 124(8), pp.6792-6811, doi:10.1029/2019JA026668.

Wang, Z., Zou, S., Shepherd, S.G., Liang, J., Gjerloev, J.W., Ruohoniemi, J.M., Kunduri, B. and Wygant, J.R., 2019. Multi-instrument Observations of Mesoscale Enhancement of Subauroral Polarization Stream Associated With an Injection. Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics, 124(3), pp.1770-1784, doi:10.1029/2019JA026535.

Waters, C.L., 2019. 13.4 Observations, Diagnostics and Applications. Geomagnetism, Aeronomy and Space Weather: A Journey from the Earth's Core to the Sun, 4, p.195, doi:10.1017/9781108290135.

Weimer, D.R., 2019. Empirical Modeling of the Geomagnetic Field for GIC Predictions. Geomagnetically Induced Currents from the Sun to the Power Grid, pp.67-78, doi:10.1002/9781119434412.ch4.

2018

Annadurai, N. M. N., Hamid, N. S. A., Yamazaki, Y., & Yoshikawa, A. (2018). Investigation of unusual solar flare effect on the global ionospheric current system. Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics, 123, 8599–8609, doi:10.1029/2018JA025601.

Archer, W. E., & Knudsen, D. J. (2018). Distinguishing subauroral ion drifts from Birkeland current boundary flows. Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics, 123, 819–826, doi:10.1002/2017JA024577.

Bala, R. and Reiff, P., 2018. Data Availability and Forecast Products for Space Weather. In Machine Learning Techniques for Space Weather (pp. 27-41), doi:10.1016/B978-0-12-811788-0.00002-0.

Balasis, G., Daglis, I. A., Contoyiannis, Y., Potirakis, S. M., Papadimitriou, C., Melis, N. S., et al. (2018). Observation of intermittency-induced critical dynamics in geomagnetic field time series prior to the intense magnetic storms of March, June, and December 2015. Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics, 123, 4594–4613, doi:10.1002/2017JA025131.

Balasis, G., I. A. Daglis,Y. Contoyiannis, S. M. Potirakis, C. Papadimitriou,N. S. Melis, O. Giannakis, A. Papaioannou, A. Anastasiadis and C. Kontoes, (2018), Observation of intermittency-induced critical dynamics in geomagnetic field time series prior to the intense magnetic storms of March, June and December 2015, Researchgate.

Beggan, C. D., Billingham, L. and Clarke, E. (2018), Estimating external magnetic field differences at high geomagnetic latitudes from a single station. Geophysical Prospecting, 66: 1227-1240, doi:10.1111/1365-2478.12641.

Belakhovsky, V. B., Pilipenko, V. A., Sakharov, Y. A., & Selivanov, V. N. (2018). Characteristics of the variability of a geomagnetic field for studying the impact of the magnetic storms and substorms on electrical energy systems. Izvestiya, Physics of the Solid Earth, 54(1), 52-65, doi:10.1134/S1069351318010032.

Booth, T.C., 2018. Magnetospheric response to geomagnetic storms (Doctoral dissertation, Department of Physics and Astronomy), http://hdl.handle.net/2381/42328.

Borovsky, J. E. (2018). Looking for evidence of wind-shear disconnections of the Earth's magnetotail: GEOTAIL measurements and LFM MHD simulations. Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics, 123, 5538–5560, doi:10.1029/2018JA025456.

Burrell, A.G., A.J. Halford, J. Klenzing, R.A. Stoneback, S.K. Morley, A.M. Annex, K.M. Laundal, A.C Kellerman, D. Stansby, and J., Ma. (2018), Snakes on a Spaceship - An Overview of Python in Heliophysics, J. Geophys. Res. Space Physics, 123, doi:10.1029/2018JA025877.

Cherniak, I., & Zakharenkova, I. (2018). Large-scale traveling ionospheric disturbances origin and propagation: Case study of the December 2015 geomagnetic storm. Space Weather, 16, 1377–1395, doi:10.1029/2018SW001869.

Cordaro, E. G., Venegas, P., and Laroze, D., 2018. Latitudinal variation rate of geomagnetic cutoff rigidity in the active Chilean convergent margin, Ann. Geophys., 36, 275-285, doi:10.5194/angeo-36-275-2018.

Coxon, J. C., Freeman, M. P., Jackman, C. M., Forsyth, C., Rae, I. J., & Fear, R. C. (2018). Tailward propagation of magnetic energy density variations with respect to substorm onset times. Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics, 123, 4741–4754, doi:10.1029/2017JA025147.

Coxon, J.C., Milan, S.E. and Anderson, B.J., 2018. A review of Birkeland current research using AMPERE. Electric currents in geospace and beyond.

Curto, J.J., Marsal, S., Blanch, E. and Altadill, D., 2018. Analysis of the Solar Flare Effects of 6 September 2017 in the Ionosphere and in the Earth's Magnetic Field Using Spherical Elementary Current Systems. Space Weather, doi:10.1029/2018SW001927.

Du, A.M., Wang, K.T., Luo, H., Tsurutani, B.T., Gjerloev, J., Sun, W., Wang, Y., Ou, J. and Ge, Y., 2018. Coupling of semiannual and annual variations in the SuperMAG SML and SMU indices. Planetary and Space Science, 158, pp.87-95, doi:10.1016/j.pss.2018.05.001.

Forsyth, C., Shortt, M., Coxon, J. C., Rae, I. J., Freeman, M. P., Kalmoni, N. M. E., et al. (2018). Seasonal and temporal variations of field-aligned currents and ground magnetic deflections during substorms. Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics, 123, 2696–2713, doi:10.1002/2017JA025136.

Gallardo-Lacourt, B., Nishimura, Y., Donovan, E., Gillies, D.M., Perry, G.W., Archer, W.E., Nava, O.A. and Spanswick, E.L., A Statistical Analysis of STEVE. Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics, doi:10.1029/2018JA025368.

Georgiou, M., I.A. Daglis, I.J. Rae, E. Zesta, D.G. Sibeck, I. Mann, G. Balasis, and K. Tsinganos. (2018), Ultra-Low Frequency waves as an intermediary for solar wind energy input into the radiation belts, J. Geophys. Res. Space Physics, 123, doi:10.1029/2018JA025355.

Gopinath, S. & Prince, P.R. Acta Geod Geophys (2018) 53: 639, doi:10.1007/s40328-018-0235-y.

Hajra, R. and Tsurutani, B.T., 2018. Interplanetary Shocks Inducing Magnetospheric Supersubstorms (SML<− 2500 nT): Unusual Auroral Morphologies and Energy Flow. The Astrophysical Journal, 858(2), p.123, doi:10.3847/1538-4357/aabaed.

He M., Vogt J. (2018) Empirical Modeling of Planetary Magnetospheres in Response to Solar Wind Dynamics Using EOF Analysis and Multivariate Linear Regression. In: Lühr H., Wicht J., Gilder S.A., Holschneider M. (eds) Magnetic Fields in the Solar System. Astrophysics and Space Science Library, vol 448, Springer, Cham, pp. 183-200 doi:10.1007/978-3-319-64292-5_7.

Hendry, A. T. (2018). Experimental evidence and properties of EMIC wave driven electron precipitation (Thesis, Doctor of Philosophy). University of Otago. Retrieved from http://hdl.handle.net/10523/7806.

Humberset, B. K., Gjerloev, J. W., Mann, I. R., Michell, R. G., & Samara, M. (2018). On the persistent shape and coherence of pulsating auroral patches. Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics, 123, 4272–4289, doi:10.1029/2017JA024405.

Jonah, O. F., Coster, A., Zhang, S., Goncharenko, L., Erickson, P. J., de Paula, E. R., & Kherani, E. A. (2018). TID observations and source analysis during the 2017 Memorial Day weekend geomagnetic storm over North America. Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics, 123, 8749–8765, doi:10.1029/2018JA025367.

Jordanova, V.K., Delzanno, G.L., Henderson, M.G., Godinez, H.C., Jeffery, C.A., Lawrence, E.C., Morley, S.K., Moulton, J.D., Vernon, L.J., Woodroffe, J.R. and Brito, T.V., 2018. Specification of the near-Earth space environment with SHIELDS. Journal of Atmospheric and Solar-Terrestrial Physics, 177, pp.148-159, doi:10.1016/j.jastp.2017.11.006.

Katamzi-Joseph, Z.T., Aruliah, A.L., Oksavik, K., Habarulema, J.B., Kauristie, K. and Kosch, M.J., 2018. Multi-instrument observations of large-scale atmospheric gravity waves/traveling ionospheric disturbances associated with enhanced auroral activity over Svalbard. Advances in Space Research, doi:10.1016/j.asr.2018.08.042.

Kozyreva, O.V., Pilipenko, V.A., Belakhovsky, V.B. and Sakharov, Y.A., 2018. Ground geomagnetic field and GIC response to March 17, 2015, storm. Earth, Planets and Space, 70(1), p.157, doi:10.1186/s40623-018-0933-2.

Krymskii, G.F. & Makarov, G.A. Geomagn. Aeron. (2018) 58: 332, doi:10.1134/S0016793218030106.

Kubyshkina, M., Semenov, V., Erkaev, N., Gordeev, E., Dubyagin, S., Ganushkina, N. and Shukhtina, M., 2018. Relations between vz and Bx components in solar wind and their effect on substorm onset. Geophysical Research Letters, 45(9), pp.3760-3767, doi:10.1002/2017GL076268.

Kumar, G.K., Tyssøy, H.N. and Williams, B.P., 2018. A preliminary comparison of Na lidar and meteor radar zonal winds during geomagnetic quiet and disturbed conditions. Journal of Atmospheric and Solar-Terrestrial Physics, 168, pp.70-79, doi:10.1016/j.jastp.2018.01.010.

Laundal, K. M., Reistad, J. P., Finlay, C. C., Østgaard, N., Tenfjord, P., Snekvik, K., & Ohma, A. (2018). Interplanetary magnetic field Bx component influence on horizontal and field-aligned currents in the ionosphere. Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics, 123, 3360–3379, doi:10.1002/2017JA024864.

Liou, K., & Sibeck, D. G. (2018). Dawn-dusk auroral oval oscillations associated with high-speed solar wind. Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics, 123, 600–610, doi:10.1002/2017JA024527.

Liou, K., Sotirelis, T., & Richardson, I. (2018). Substorm occurrence and intensity associated with three types of solar wind structure. Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics, 123, 485–496, doi:10.1002/2017JA024451.

Liu, J., Angelopoulos, V., Yao, Z., Chu, X., Zhou, X.Z. and Runov, A., 2018. The Current System of Dipolarizing Flux Bundles and Their Role as Wedgelets in the Substorm Current Wedge. Electric Currents in Geospace and Beyond, pp.323-337.

Lockwood, M., Bentley, S. N., Owens, M. J., Barnard, L. A., Scott, C. J., Watt, C. E., & Allanson, O. (2018). The development of a space climatology: 1. Solar-wind magnetosphere coupling as a function of timescale and the effect of data gaps. Space Weather, 16, doi:10.1029/2018SW001856.

Lockwood, M., Owens, M.J., Barnard, L.A., Scott, C.J., Watt, C.E. and Bentley, S., 2018. Space climate and space weather over the past 400 years: 2. Proxy indicators of geomagnetic storm and substorm occurrence. Journal of Space Weather and Space Climate, 8, p.A12, doi:10.1051/swsc/2017048.

Lyons, L.R., Gallardo-Lacourt, B., Zou, Y., Nishimura, Y., Anderson, P., Angelopoulos, V., Donovan, E.F., Ruohoniemi, J.M., Mitchell, E., Paxton, L.J. and Nishitani, N., 2018. Driving of strong nightside reconnection and geomagnetic activity by polar cap flows: Application to CME shocks and possibly other situations. Journal of Atmospheric and Solar-Terrestrial Physics, 177, pp.73-83, doi:10.1016/j.jastp.2017.09.013.

Lyons, L.R., Zou, Y., Nishimura, Y., Gallardo-Lacourt, B., Angelopulos, V. and Donovan, E.F., 2018. Stormtime substorm onsets: occurrence and flow channel triggering. Earth, Planets and Space, 70(1), p.81, doi:10.1186/s40623-018-0857-x.

Malykhin, A. Y., Grigorenko, E. E., Kronberg, E. A., Koleva, R., Ganushkina, N. Y., Kozak, L., and Daly, P. W., 2018. Contrasting dynamics of electrons and protons in the near-Earth plasma sheet during dipolarization, Ann. Geophys., 36, 741-760, doi:10.5194/angeo-36-741-2018.

Mann, I.R., Ozeke, L.G., Morley, S.K., Murphy, K.R., Claudepierre, S.G., Turner, D.L., Baker, D.N., Rae, I.J., Kale, A., Milling, D.K. and Boyd, A.J., (2018). Reply to 'The dynamics of Van Allen belts revisited'. Nature Physics, 14(2), p.103, doi:10.1038/nphys4350.

Masson, A. and Nykyri, K., 2018. Kelvin–Helmholtz Instability: Lessons Learned and Ways Forward. Space Science Reviews, 214, pp.1-18, doi:10.1007/s11214-018-0505-6.

McGranaghan, R. M., Mannucci, A. J., Wilson, B. D., Mattmann, C. A., & Chadwick, R. (2018). New capabilities for prediction of high-latitude ionospheric scintillation: A novel approach with machine learning. Space Weather, 16, doi:10.1029/2018SW002018.

McPherron, R. L., & Chu, X. (2018). The midlatitude positive bay index and the statistics of substorm occurrence. Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics, 123, 2831–2850, doi:10.1002/2017JA024766.

McPherron, R.L., Anderson, B.J. and Chu, X., 2018. Relation of Field-Aligned Currents Measured by the Network of Iridium® Spacecraft to Solar Wind and Substorms. Geophysical Research Letters, 45(5), pp.2151-2158, doi:10.1002/2017GL076741.

Milan, S. E., Carter, J. A., Sangha, H., Laundal, K. M., Østgaard, N., Tenfjord, P., et al. (2018). Timescales of dayside and nightside field-aligned current response to changes in solar wind-magnetosphere coupling. Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics, 123, 7307–7319, doi:10.1029/2018JA025645.

Mrak, S., Semeter, J., Hirsch, M., Starr, G., Hampton, D., Varney, R. H., … Pankratius, V. (2018). Field-aligned GPS scintillation: Multisensor data fusion. Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics, 123, 974–992, doi:10.1002/2017JA024557.

Ngwira C. M., Sibeck, D., Silveira, M. D. V., Georgiou, M., Weygand, J. M., Nishimura, Y., & Hampton, D. (2018). A study of intense local dB/dt variations during two geomagnetic storms. Space Weather, 16, 676–693, doi:10.1029/2018SW001911.

Ohtani, S., Gjerloev, J.W., Anderson, B.J., Kataoka, R., Troshichev, O. and Watari, S., 2018. Dawnside Wedge Current System Formed during Intense Geomagnetic Storms. Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics, doi:10.1029/2018JA025678.

Ohtani, S., Motoba, T., Gjerloev, J. W., Ruohoniemi, J. M., Donovan, E. F., & Yoshikawa, A. (2018). Longitudinal development of poleward boundary intensifications (PBIs) of auroral emission. Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics, 123, doi:10.1029/2017JA024375.

Oliveira, D. M., Arel, D., Raeder, J., Zesta, E., Ngwira, C. M., Carter, B. A., et al. (2018). Geomagnetically induced currents caused by interplanetary shocks with different impact angles and speeds. Space Weather, 16, 636–647, doi:10.1029/2018SW001880.

Ozturk, D. S., Zou, S., Ridley, A. J., & Slavin, J. A. (2018). Modeling study of the geospace system response to the solar wind dynamic pressure enhancement on 17 March 2015. Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics, 123, 2974–2989, doi:10.1002/2017JA025099.

Pilipenko, V.A., Bravo, M., Romanova, N.V. et al. Izv., Phys. Solid Earth (2018) 54: 721, doi:10.1134/S1069351318050129.

Prikryl, P., Bruntz, R., Tsukijihara, T., Iwao, K., Muldrew, D.B., Rušin, V., Rybanský, M., Turňa, M. and Šťastný, P., 2018. Tropospheric weather influenced by solar wind through atmospheric vertical coupling downward control. Journal of Atmospheric and Solar-Terrestrial Physics, 171, pp.94-110, doi:10.1016/j.jastp.2017.07.023.

Rivera, M.K. and Bent, R.W., 2018. GMD Coupling to Power Systems and Disturbance Mitigation (No. LA-UR-18-20499). Los Alamos National Lab.(LANL), Los Alamos, NM (United States), doi:10.2172/1418747.

Robinson, R. M., Behnke, R. A., & Moretto, T. (2018). The critical role of the research Community in Space Weather Planning and Execution. Space Weather, 16, 200–204, doi:10.1002/2017SW001778.

Rudd, J.T., Oliveira, D.M., Bhaskar, A. and Halford, A.J., 2018. How do interplanetary shock impact angles control the size of the geoeffective magnetosphere?. Advances in Space Research, doi:10.1016/j.asr.2018.09.013.

Saiz, E., Cid, C., & Guerrero, A. (2018). Environmental conditions during the reported charging anomalies of the two geosynchronous satellites: Telstar 401 and Galaxy 15. Space Weather, 16, doi:10.1029/2018SW001974.

Sandhu, J.K., Graham, G.A., Bentley, S.N. and Coxon, J., 2018. Autumn MIST 2017.

Sandhu, J. K., Rae, I. J., Freeman, M. P., Forsyth, C., Gkioulidou, M., Reeves, G. D., et al. (2018). Energization of the ring current by substorms. Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics, 123, 8131–8148, doi:10.1029/2018JA025766.

Schiller, Q., Kanekal, S.G., Boyd, A.J., Blum, L., Jones, A.D., Baker, D.N. and Blake, J.B., 2018. On the cause of two prompt shock-induced relativistic electron depletion events. Journal of Atmospheric and Solar-Terrestrial Physics, 177, pp.208-217, doi:10.1016/j.jastp.2017.08.017.

Sergeev, V. A., Tsyganenko, N. A., Angelopoulos, V., Runov, A. V., & Singer, H. J. (2018). Magnetotail configuration during a steady convection event as observed by low-altitude and magnetospheric spacecraft. Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics, 123, 8390–8406, doi:10.1029/2018JA025867.

Sergeev, V., Stepanov, N., Ogawa, Y., Käki, S. and Kauristie, K., 2018. Solar wind dependence of electric conductances and currents in the auroral zone. Journal of Atmospheric and Solar-Terrestrial Physics, 177, pp.38-45, doi:10.1016/j.jastp.2017.07.006.

Shim, J. S., Tsagouri, I., Goncharenko, L., Rastaetter, L., Kuznetsova, M., Bilitza, D., et al. (2018). Validation of ionospheric specifications during geomagnetic storms: TEC and foF2 during the 2013 March storm event. Space Weather, 16, doi:10.1029/2018SW002034.

Shore, R., 2018. The effect of the solar wind on the ionosphere. Astronomy & Geophysics, 59(6), pp.6-19, doi:10.1093/astrogeo/aty281.

Shore, R. M., Freeman, M. P., & Gjerloev, J. W. (2018). An empirical orthogonal function reanalysis of the northern polar external and induced magnetic field during solar cycle 23. Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics, 123, 781–795, doi:10.1002/2017JA024420.

Shukhtina, M. A., Gordeev, E. I., Sergeev, V. A., & Shinohara, I. (2018). Diagnostics of closed magnetic flux depletion in the near-Earth magnetotail during the substorm growth phase. Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics, 123, 8377–8389, doi:10.1029/2018JA025979.

Simms, L., Engebretson, M., Clilverd, M., Rodger, C., Lessard, M., Gjerloev, J., & Reeves, G. (2018). A distributed lag autoregressive model of geostationary relativistic electron fluxes: Comparing the influences of waves, seed and source electrons, and solar wind inputs. Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics, 123, 3646–3671, doi:10.1029/2017JA025002.

Søraas, F., Sandanger, M.I. and Smith-Johnsen, C., 2018. NOAA POES and MetOp particle observations during the 17 March 2013 storm. Journal of Atmospheric and Solar-Terrestrial Physics, 177, pp.115-124, doi:10.1016/j.jastp.2017.09.004.

Spencer, E., Vadepu, S.K., Srinivas, P., Patra, S. and Horton, W., 2018. The dynamics of geomagnetic substorms with the WINDMI model. Earth, Planets and Space, 70(1), p.118, doi:10.1186/s40623-018-0882-9.

Suji, K.J. & Prince, P.R. Earth Planets Space (2018) 70: 167, doi:10.1186/s40623-018-0940-3.

Troshichev, О., Sormakov, D. and Behlke, R., 2018. Relationship between PC index and magnetospheric field-aligned currents measured by Swarm satellites. Journal of Atmospheric and Solar-Terrestrial Physics, 168, pp.37-47, doi:10.1016/j.jastp.2017.12.020.

Vanhamäki, H. and Juusola, L., 2018. Review of Data Analysis Techniques for Estimating Ionospheric Currents Based on MIRACLE and Satellite Observations. Electric Currents in Geospace and Beyond, pp.407-426.

Vorobjev, V.G., Yagodkina, O.I., Antonova, E.E. et al. Geomagn. Aeron. (2018) 58: 295, doi:10.1134/S0016793218030155.

Wang, B., Nishimura, Y., Hietala, H., Shen, X.-C., Shi, Q., Zhang, H., et al. (2018). Dayside magnetospheric and ionospheric responses to a foreshock transient on 25 June 2008: 2. 2-D evolution based on dayside auroral imaging. Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics, 123, 6347–6359, doi:10.1029/2017JA024846.

Wang, C., Wang, J., Lopez, R., Li, H., Tang, B. and Zhang, J., 2018. Determination of Polar Cap Boundary for the Substorm Event of 8 March 2008. Frontiers in Physics, 6, p.50, doi:10.3389/fphy.2018.00050.

Wang, C.-P., Xing, X., Liu, Y.-H., & Runov, A. (2018). A case study of connection between ground magnetic field perturbations and tail current sheet bursty flows at X = −60 RE. Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics, 123, 1822–1833, doi:10.1002/2017JA024972.

Welling, D.T. et al. (2018), Recommendations for Next-Generation Ground Magnetic Perturbation Validation, Space Weather, 16, doi:10.1029/2018SW002064.

Yamazaki, Y., Stolle, C., Matzka, J., & Alken, P. (2018). Quasi-6-day wave modulation of the equatorial electrojet. Journal of Geophysical Research: Physics Space Physics, 123, 4094–4109, doi:10.1029/2018JA025365.

Yamazaki, Y., Stolle, C., Matzka, J., Liu, H., & Tao, C. (2018). Interannual variability of the daytime equatorial ionospheric electric field. Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics, 123, 4241–4256, doi:10.1029/2017JA025165.

Yiğit E. (2018) Planetary Ionospheres. In: Atmospheric and Space Sciences: Ionospheres and Plasma Environments. SpringerBriefs in Earth Sciences. Springer, Cham, doi:10.1007/978-3-319-62006-0_4.

Zhou, S., Luan, X., Søraas, F., Østgaard, N., & Raita, T. (2018). The detached auroras induced by the solar wind pressure enhancement in both hemispheres from imaging and in situ particle observations. Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics, 123, 3170–3182, doi:10.1002/2017JA024562.

2017

Adhikari, B., S. Dahal, and N. P. Chapagain (2017), Study of field-aligned current (FAC), interplanetary electric field component (Ey), interplanetary magnetic field component (Bz), and northward (x) and eastward (y) components of geomagnetic field during supersubstorm, Earth and Space Science, 4, 257–274, doi:10.1002/2017EA000258.

Adhikari, B., Sapkota, N., Baruwal, P., Chapagain, N. P., & Braga, C. R. (2017). Impacts on Cosmic-Ray Intensity Observed During Geomagnetic Disturbances. Solar Physics, 292(10), 149, doi:10.1007/s11207-017-1183-3.

Adhikari, B., P. Baruwal, and N. P. Chapagain (2017), Analysis of supersubstorm events with reference to polar cap potential and polar cap index, Earth and Space Science, 4, 2-15, doi:10.1002/2016EA000217.

Baddeley, L.J., Lorentzen, D.A., Partamies, N., Denig, M., Pilipenko, V.A., Oksavik, K., Chen, X. and Zhang, Y., (2017), Equatorward propagating auroral arcs driven by ULF wave activity: Multipoint ground‐and space‐based observations in the dusk sector auroral oval. Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics, 122(5), pp.5591-5605, doi:10.1002/2016JA023427.

Badman, S, J. Coxon, K. Raymer, A. Sorba (2017), London MIST 2016, Astronomy & Geophysics, Volume 58, Issue 5, 1 October 2017, Pages 5.32-5.34, doi:10.1093/astrogeo/atx175.

Bhaskar, A., & Vichare, G. (2017). Prediction of SYMH and ASYH indices for geomagnetic storms of solar cycle 24 including recent St. Patrick's day, 2015 storm using NARX neural network. arXiv preprint arXiv:1703.10583, arXiv:1703.10583.

Borovsky J. E. (2017), Time-Integral Correlations of Multiple Variables with the Relativistic-Electron Flux at Geosynchronous Orbit: The Strong Roles of Substorm-Injected Electrons and the Ion Plasma Sheet, Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics, 122, doi:10.1002/2017JA024476.

Borovsky, J. E., and K. Yakymenko (2017), Substorm occurrence rates, substorm recurrence times, and solar wind structure, J. Geophys. Res. Space Physics, 122, 2973-2998, doi:10.1002/2016JA023625.

Borovsky, J. E., and K. Yakymenko (2017), Systems science of the magnetosphere: Creating indices of substorm activity, of the substorm-injected electron population, and of the electron radiation belt, J. Geophys. Res. Space Physics, 122, 10,012-10,035, doi:10.1002/2017JA024250.

Bowen, T.A., Zhivun, E., Wickenbrock, A., Dumont, V., Bale, S.D., Pankow, C., Dobler, G., Wurtele, J.S. and Budker, D., (2017), Network of sensitive magnetometers for urban studies, arXiv:1702.01468.

Butala, M. D., Kazerooni, M., Makela, J. J., Kamalabadi, F., Gannon, J., Zhu, H., & Overbye, T. J. (2017), Modeling geomagnetically induced currents from magnetometer measurements: Spatial scale assessed with reference measurements, Space Weather, 15, 1357-1372, doi:10.1002/2017SW001602.

Buzulukova, N. (Ed.). (2017). Extreme Events in Geospace: Origins, Predictability, and Consequences. Elsevier., 9780128127018.

Cassak, P. A., A. G. Emslie, A. J. Halford, D. N. Baker, H. E. Spence, S. K. Avery, and L. A. Fisk (2017), Space physics and policy for contemporary society, J. Geophys. Res. Space Physics, 122, 4430-4435, doi:10.1002/2017JA024219.

Chakrabarty, D., D. Hui, D. Rout, R. Sekar, A. Bhattacharyya, G. D. Reeves, and J. M. Ruohoniemi (2017), Role of IMF By in the prompt electric field disturbances over equatorial ionosphere during a space weather event, J. Geophys. Res. Space Physics, 122, 2574-2588, doi:10.1002/2016JA022781.

Choi, K.-E., D.-Y. Lee, K.-C. Choi, and J. Kim (2017), Statistical properties and geoeffectiveness of southward interplanetary magnetic field with emphasis on weakly southward Bz events, J. Geophys. Res. Space Physics, 122, 4921–4934, doi:10.1002/2016JA023836.

Chu, C. S. (2017). Hot flow anomalies at earth's bow shock and their magnetospheric-ionospheric signatures. University of Alaska Fairbanks, doi:10.1029/2009JA014112.

Chulliat, A., Matzka, J., Masson, A., & Milan, S. E. (2017). Key ground-based and space-based assets to disentangle magnetic field sources in the Earth’s environment. Space Science Reviews, 206(1-4), 123-156, doi:10.1007/s11214-016-0291-y.

Coxon, J. C., I. J. Rae, C. Forsyth, C. M. Jackman, R. C. Fear, and B. J. Anderson (2017), Birkeland currents during substorms: Statistical evidence for intensification of Regions 1 and 2 currents after onset and a localized signature of auroral dimming, J. Geophys. Res. Space Physics, 122, 6455-6468, doi:10.1002/2017JA023967.

Dods, J., S. C. Chapman, and J. W. Gjerloev (2017), Characterizing the ionospheric current pattern response to southward and northward IMF turnings with dynamical SuperMAG correlation networks, J. Geophys. Res. Space Physics, 122, 1883-1902, doi:10.1002/2016JA023686.

Engebretson, M., & Zesta, E. (2017), The future of ground magnetometer arrays in support of space weather monitoring and research, Space Weather, 15, doi:10.1002/2017SW001718.

Finlay, C.C., Lesur, V., Thébault, E. et al. (2017), Challenges Handling Magnetospheric and Ionospheric Signals in Internal Geomagnetic Field Modelling, Space Sci Rev, 206: 157, doi:10.1007/s11214-016-0285-9.

Friis-Christensen, E., Finlay, C.C., Hesse, M. et al. (2017), Magnetic Field Perturbations from Currents in the Dark Polar Regions During Quiet Geomagnetic Conditions, Space Sci Rev, 206: 281, doi:10.1007/s11214-017-0332-1.

Gabrielse, C., V. Angelopoulos, C. Harris, A. Artemyev, L. Kepko, and A. Runov (2017), Extensive electron transport and energization via multiple, localized dipolarizing flux bundles, J. Geophys. Res. Space Physics, 122, 5059-5076, doi:10.1002/2017JA023981.

Gordeev, E., V. Sergeev, N. Tsyganenko, M. Kuznetsova, L. Rastäetter, J. Raeder, G. Tóth, J. Lyon, V. Merkin, and M. Wiltberger (2017), The substorm cycle as reproduced by global MHD models, Space Weather, 15, 131-149, doi:10.1002/2016SW001495.

Haaland, S., Hasegawa, H., De Keyser, J., & Maes, L. (2017), Dawn-Dusk Asymmetries at the Terrestrial Magnetopause: Observations. Dawn-Dusk Asymmetries in Planetary Plasma Environments, 230, 73, doi:10.1002/9781119216346.

Haiducek J.D, D.T Welling, N.Y. Ganushkina, S.K. Morley, and D.S. Ozturk (2017), SWMF Global Magnetosphere Simulations of January 2005: Geomagnetic Indices and Cross-Polar Cap Potential, Space Weather, 15, doi:10.1002/2017SW001695.

Hajra, R., B. T. Tsurutani, C. G. M. Brum, and E. Echer (2017), High-speed solar wind stream effects on the topside ionosphere over Arecibo: A case study during solar minimum, Geophys. Res. Lett., 44, 7607-7617, doi:10.1002/2017GL073805.

Hamzah, S. Z., & Homam, M. J. (2017). The Ionospheric Total Electron Content Behavior at Equatorial and Polar Stations. Journal of Telecommunication, Electronic and Computer Engineering (JTEC), 9(3-8), 1-4, doi:10.1007/s11214-016-0273-0.

He, F., Zhang, X.-X., Wang, W. & Wan, W. (2017), Different evolution patterns of subauroral polarization streams (SAPS) during intense storms and quiet time substorms, Geophysical Research Letters, 44, doi:10.1002/2017GL075449.

Humberset, B. K., J. W. Gjerloev, M. Samara, and R. G. Michell (2017), Scale size-dependent characteristics of the nightside aurora, J. Geophys. Res. Space Physics, 122, 2455-2466, doi:10.1002/2016JA023695.

Jordanova, V. K., Delzanno, G. L., Henderson, M. G., Godinez, H. C., Jeffery, C. A., Lawrence, E. C., ... & Brito, T. V. (2017). Specification of the near-Earth space environment with SHIELDS. Journal of Atmospheric and Solar-Terrestrial Physics, doi:10.1016/j.jastp.2017.11.006.

Kalmoni, N. M. E., I. J. Rae, K. R. Murphy, C. Forsyth, C. E. J. Watt, and C. J. Owen (2017), Statistical azimuthal structuring of the substorm onset arc: Implications for the onset mechanism, Geophys. Res. Lett., 44, 2078-2087, doi:10.1002/2016GL071826.

Kauristie, K., Morschhauser, A., Olsen, N. et al. (2017), Geoeffective Properties of Solar Transients and Stream Interaction Regions, Space Sci Rev, 206: 61, doi:10.1007/s11214-016-0301-0.

Kauristie, K., Morschhauser, A., Olsen, N., Finlay, C. C., McPherron, R. L., Gjerloev, J. W., & Opgenoorth, H. J. (2017). On the usage of geomagnetic indices for data selection in internal field modelling. Space Science Reviews, 206(1-4), 61-90, doi:10.1007/s11214-016-0301-0.

Kilpua, E.K.J., Balogh, A., von Steiger, R. et al. (2017), Geoeffective Properties of Solar Transients and Stream Interaction Regions, Space Sci Rev, 212: 1271, doi:10.1007/s11214-017-0411-3.

Kronberg, E. A., E. E. Grigorenko, D. L. Turner, P. W. Daly, Y. Khotyaintsev, and L. Kozak(2017), Comparing and contrasting dispersionless injections at geosynchronous orbit during a substorm event, J. Geophys. Res. Space Physics, 122, 3055-3072, doi:10.1002/2016JA023551.

Kuzichkin, O. R. (2017). The monitoring of the irregular disturbances in the arctic on the basis of the processing data of the distributed network of the geophysical observatories. International Journal of Green Pharmacy (IJGP), 11(03), doi:10.22377/ijgp.v11i03.1168.

Laundal, K.M. & Richmond, A.D. (2017), Magnetic Coordinate Systems, Space Sci Rev, 206: 27, doi:10.1007/s11214-016-0275-y.

Laundal, K.M., Cnossen, I., Milan, S. E., Haaland, S. E., Coxon, J., Pedatella, N. M., ... & Reistad, J. P. (2017). North–south asymmetries in earth’s magnetic field. Space Science Reviews, 206(1-4), 225-257, doi:10.1007/s11214-016-0273-0.

Liou, K., T. Sotirelis, and J. Gjerloev (2017), Statistical study of polar negative magnetic bays driven by interplanetary fast-mode shocks, J. Geophys. Res. Space Physics, 122, 7463-7472, doi:10.1002/2017JA024465.

López, E., Aldás, F., & Yoshikawa, A. (2017). Analysis of Magnetic Field Variations Produced by Equatorial Electro-Jets. arXiv preprint arXiv:1712.06528, arXiv:1712.06528.

Lotko, W. (2017), The Unifying Principle of Coordinated Measurements in Geospace Science, Space Weather, 15, 553-557, doi:10.1002/2017SW001634.

Love, J. J., and C. A. Finn (2017), Real-time geomagnetic monitoring for space weather-related applications: Opportunities and challenges, Space Weather, 15, 820-827, doi:10.1002/2017SW001665.

Lyons, L.R., et al., Driving of strong nightside reconnection and geomagnetic activity by polar cap flows: Application to CME shocks and possibly other situations, Journal of Atmospheric and Solar-Terrestrial Physics (2017), doi:10.1016/j.jastp.2017.09.013.

Lühr, H., Xiong, C., Olsen, N. et al. (2017), Near-Earth Magnetic Field Effects of Large-Scale Magnetospheric Currents, Space Sci Rev, 206: 521, doi:10.1007/s11214-016-0267-y.

Marsal, S., J. M. Torta, A. Segarra, and T. Araki (2017), Use of spherical elementary currents to map the polar current systems associated with the geomagnetic sudden commencements on 2013 and 2015 St. Patrick's Day storms, J. Geophys. Res. Space Physics, 122, 194-211, doi:10.1002/2016JA023166.

McGranaghan, R. M., Mannucci, A. J., & Forsyth, C. (2017). A Comprehensive Analysis of Multiscale Field‐Aligned Currents: Characteristics, Controlling Parameters, and Relationships. Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics, doi:10.1002/2017JA024742.

McGranaghan, R. M., Mannucci, A. J., Verkhoglyadova, O., & Malik, N. (2017). Finding multiscale connectivity in our geospace observational system: Network analysis of total electron content. Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics, 122(7), 7683-7697, doi:10.1002/2017JA024202.

McGranaghan, R. M., Bhatt, A., Matsuo, T., Mannucci, A. J., Semeter, J. L., & Datta-Barua, S. (2017). Ushering in a new frontier in geospace through data science. Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics, 122, 12,586–12,590, doi:10.1002/2017JA024835.

McPherron, R.L. & Chu, X. (2017), The Mid-Latitude Positive Bay and the MPB Index of Substorm Activity, Space Sci Rev, 206: 91, doi:10.1007/s11214-016-0316-6.

Mishin, E., Y. Nishimura, and J. Foster (2017), SAPS/SAID revisited: A causal relation to the substorm current wedge, J. Geophys. Res. Space Physics, 122, 8516-8535, doi:10.1002/2017JA024263.

Ohtani, S., and T. Motoba (2017), Equatorial magnetic field of the near-Earth magnetotail, J. Geophys. Res. Space Physics, 122, 8462-8478, doi:10.1002/2017JA024115.

Oliveira, D.M. & Ngwira, C.M. Braz (2017), Geomagnetically Induced Currents: Principles, J. Phys., 47: 552, doi:10.1007/s13538-017-0523-y.

Oliveira, D.M., Samsonov, A.A. Geoeffectiveness of interplanetary shocks controlled by impact angles: A review. Adv. Space Res. (2017), doi:10.1016/j.asr.2017.10.006.

Olsen, N. & Stolle, C. (2017), Magnetic Signatures of Ionospheric and Magnetospheric Current Systems During Geomagnetic Quiet Conditions—An Overview, Space Sci. Rev., 206: 5, doi:10.1007/s11214-016-0279-7.

Ozeke, L. G., I. R. Mann, K. R. Murphy, D. G. Sibeck, and D. N. Baker (2017), Ultra-relativistic radiation belt extinction and ULF wave radial diffusion: Modeling the September 2014 extended dropout event, Geophys. Res. Lett., 44, 2624-2633, doi:10.1002/2017GL072811.

Perlongo, N. J., A. J. Ridley, M. W. Liemohn, and R. M. Katus (2017), The effect of ring current electron scattering rates on magnetosphere-ionosphere coupling, J. Geophys. Res. Space Physics, 122, 4168-4189, doi:10.1002/2016JA023679.

Pilipenko, V. A., O. V. Kozyreva, M. J. Engebretson, and A. A. Soloviev (2017), ULF wave power index for space weather and geophysical applications: A review, Russ. J. Earth. Sci., 17, ES2002, doi:10.2205/2017ES000597.

Polozov, Y. and Fetisova, N., (2017), Analysis of ionospheric parameters by the software system “Aurora”. In E3S Web of Conferences (Vol. 20, p. 01009). EDP Sciences, doi:10.1051/e3sconf/20172001009.

Prikryl, P., et al. (2017), Tropospheric weather influenced by solar wind through atmospheric vertical coupling downward control, Journal of Atmospheric and Solar-Terrestrial Physics, doi:10.1016/j.jastp.2017.07.023.

Schiller, Q., et al. (2017), On the cause of two prompt shock-induced relativistic electron depletion events, Journal of Atmospheric and Solar-Terrestrial Physics, doi:10.1016/j.jastp.2017.08.017.

Sergeev, V., Stepanov, N., Ogawa, Y., Käki, S., & Kauristie, K. (2017), Solar wind dependence of electric conductances and currents in the auroral zone, Journal of Atmospheric and Solar-Terrestrial Physics, doi:10.1016/j.jastp.2017.07.006.

Shore, R. M., M. P. Freeman, J. A. Wild, and J. W. Gjerloev (2017), A high-resolution model of the external and induced magnetic field at the Earth's surface in the Northern Hemisphere, J. Geophys. Res. Space Physics, 122, 2440-2454, doi:10.1002/2016JA023682.

Shore, R. M., Freeman, M. P., & Gjerloev, J. W. (2017). An empirical orthogonal function reanalysis of the northern polar external and induced magnetic field during solar cycle 23. Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics, doi:10.1002/2017JA024420.

Sinha, A. K., Dhar, A., Singh, A. K., Behera, J. K., & Gurubaran, S. (2017), India's Contribution to Geomagnetism and Allied Studies in Antarctica-A Review. Proceedings of the Indian National Science Academy, 83(2), 299-326, doi:10.16943/ptinsa/2017/48955.

Sitnov, M. I., Stephens, G. K., Tsyganenko, N. A., Ukhorskiy, A. Y., Wing, S., Korth, H., & Anderson, B. J. (2017), Spatial Structure and Asymmetries of Magnetospheric Currents Inferred from High-Resolution Empirical Geomagnetic Field Models, Dawn-Dusk Asymmetries in Planetary Plasma Environments, 230, 199, doi:10.1002/9781119216346.ch15.

Smith, A. R. A., Beggan, C. D., Macmillan, S., & Whaler, K. A. (2017), Climatology of the auroral electrojets derived from the along-track gradient of magnetic field intensity measured by POGO, Magsat, CHAMP, and Swarm, Space Weather, 15, 1257-1269, doi:10.1002/2017SW001675.

Sun, W. J., Fu, S. Y., Wei, Y., Yao, Z. H., Rong, Z. J., Zhou, X. Z., … Shen, X. C. (2017). Plasma sheet pressure variations in the near-Earth magnetotail during substorm growth phase: THEMIS observations. Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics, 122, 12,212–12,228, doi:10.1002/2017JA024603.

Sundberg, T. (2017), Dawn-Dusk Asymmetries in Mercury's Magnetosphere, Dawn-Dusk Asymmetries in Planetary Plasma Environments, 230, 337, doi:10.1002/9781119216346.ch26

Søraas, F., et al. (2017), NOAA POES and MetOp particle observations during the 17 March 2013 storm, Journal of Atmospheric and Solar-Terrestrial Physics, doi:10.1016/j.jastp.2017.09.004.

Tenfjord, P., N. Østgaard, R. Strangeway, S. Haaland, K. Snekvik, K. M. Laundal, J. P. Reistad, and S. E. Milan (2017), Magnetospheric response and reconfiguration times following IMF By reversals, J. Geophys. Res. Space Physics, 122, 417-431, doi:10.1002/2016JA023018.

Tetrick, S. S., et al. (2017), Location of intense electromagnetic ion cyclotron (EMIC) wave events relative to the plasmapause: Van Allen Probes observations, J. Geophys. Res. Space Physics, 122, 4064-4088, doi:10.1002/2016JA023392.

Vujić, E., & Brkić, M. (2017), Geomagnetic coast effect at two Croatian repeat stations, Annals of Geophysics, 59(6), 0652, doi:10.4401/ag-6765.

Vujić, E., Brkić, M., & Pavasović, M. (2017), Recent geomagnetic investigations of Palagruža island, Geofizika, 34, doi:10.15233/gfz.2017.34.7.

Walach, M.-T., S. E. Milan, T. K. Yeoman, B. A. Hubert, and M. R. Hairston (2017), Testing nowcasts of the ionospheric convection from the expanding and contracting polar cap model, Space Weather, 15, 623-636, doi:10.1002/2017SW001615.

Walsh, A. P., Haaland, S., Forsyth, C., Keesee, A. M., Kissinger, J., Li, K., ... & Taylor, M. G. (2017), Dawn-dusk asymmetries in the coupled solar wind-magnetosphere-ionosphere system: A review, arXiv preprint arXiv:1701.04701, doi:10.5194/angeo-32-705-2014.

Wang, C.-P., et al. (2017), A multispacecraft event study of Pc5 ultralow-frequency waves in the magnetosphere and their external drivers, J. Geophys. Res. Space Physics, 122, 5132-5147, doi:10.1002/2016JA023610.

Winter, L. M., J. Gannon, R. Pernak, S. Huston, R. Quinn, E. Pope, A. Ruffenach, P. Bernardara, and N. Crocker (2017), Spectral scaling technique to determine extreme Carrington-level geomagnetically induced currents effects, Space Weather, 15, 713-725, doi:10.1002/2016SW001586.

Wu, J., Knudsen, D. J., Gillies, D. M., Donovan, E. F., & Burchill, J. K. (2017), Swarm observation of field-aligned currents associated with multiple auroral arc systems, Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics, 122, 10,145-10,156, doi:10.1002/2017JA024439.

Xu, Z., M. D. Hartinger, C. R. Clauer, T. Peek, and R. Behlke (2017), A comparison of the ground magnetic responses during the 2013 and 2015 St. Patrick's Day geomagnetic storms, J. Geophys. Res. Space Physics, 122, 4023-4036, doi:10.1002/2016JA023338.

Yamazaki, Y. & Maute, A. (2017), Sq and EEJ-A Review on the Daily Variation of the Geomagnetic Field Caused by Ionospheric Dynamo Currents, Space Sci. Rev., 206: 299, doi:10.1007/s11214-016-0282-z.

Yee, J. H., Gjerloev, J., Wu, D., & Schwartz, M. J. (2017), First application of the Zeeman technique to remotely measure auroral electrojet intensity from space, Geophysical Research Letters, 44, 10,134-10,139, doi:10.1002/2017GL074909.

Zhou, X.-Y., G. Haerendel, J. I. Moen, E. Trondsen, L. Clausen, R. J. Strangeway, B. Lybekk, and D. A. Lorentzen (2017), Shock aurora: Field-aligned discrete structures moving along the dawnside oval, J. Geophys. Res. Space Physics, 122, 3145-3162, doi:10.1002/2016JA022666.

Zhu, J., Du, A., Ou, J., & Xu, W. (2017), Latitudinal and MLT dependence of the seasonal variation of geomagnetic field around auroral zone, Advances in Space Research, 60: 3, 667-676, doi:10.1016/j.asr.2017.04.022.

Zou, S., D. Ozturk, R. Varney, and A. Reimer (2017), Effects of sudden commencement on the ionosphere: PFISR observations and global MHD simulation, Geophys. Res. Lett., 44, 3047-3058, doi:10.1002/2017GL072678.

2016

Adhikari, B., P. Baruwal, and N. P. Chapagain (2016). Analysis of supersubstorm events with reference to polar cap potential and polar cap index, Earth and Space Science, 4, doi:10.1002/2016EA000217.

Birch, M. J., & Hargreaves, J. K. (2016). THEMIS observations and riometry: A data comparison with a view to proxy and prediction, Journal of Atmospheric and Solar-Terrestrial Physics, 137, 66-75, doi:10.1016/j.jastp.2015.11.005.

Boroyev, R. N. (2016). Intensity of the auroral electrojets during a recovery phase of magnetic storm. Advances in Space Research, 57(12), 2479-2486, doi:10.1016/j.asr.2016.04.001.

Case, N.A., MacDonald, E.A. and Viereck, R., (2016). Using citizen science reports to define the equatorial extent of auroral visibility. Space Weather, 14(3), 198-209.doi:10.1002/2015SW001320.

Chakrabarty D., D. Hui, D. Rout, R. Sekar, A. Bhattacharyya, G.D. Reeves, and J.M. Ruohoniemi (2017), Role of IMF By in the Prompt Electric Field Disturbances over Equatorial Ionosphere During a Space Weather Event, J. Geophys. Res. Space Physics, 122, doi:10.1002/2016JA022781.

Chulliat, A., Matzka, J., Masson, A., & Milan, S. E. (2016). Key ground-based and space-based assets to disentangle magnetic field sources in the Earth's environment. Space Science Reviews, 1-34, doi:10.1007/s11214-016-0291-y.

Connors, M., Schofield, I., Reiter, K., Chi, P.J., Rowe, K.M. and Russell, C.T. (2016). The AUTUMNX magnetometer meridian chain in Quebec, Canada. Earth, Planets and Space, 68(1), pp.1-21. doi:10.1186/s40623-015-0354-4.

Ding-Wei, L. I. U., Hui, W. A. N. G., Tao, H. U. A. N. G., Xue, C. A. O., and Ke-Deng, Z. H. A. N. G. (2016). Temporal and spatial variations of plasma and neutral velocities during substorm periods. Chinese Journal of Geophysics, 59(4), 395-403, doi:10.1002/cjg2.20244.

Dods, J., S. C. Chapman, J.W. Gjerloev, Characterising the Ionospheric Current Pattern Response to Southward and Northward IMF Turnings with Dynamical SuperMAG Correlation Networks, J. Geophys.Res., doi:10.1002/2016JA023686.

Finlay, C.C., Lesur, V., Thebault, E. et al. Space Sci Rev (2016). doi:10.1007/s11214-016-0285-9.

Friis-Christensen, E., Finlay, C.C., Hesse, M. et al. Space Sci Rev (2017). Magnetic Field Perturbations from Currents in the Dark Polar Regions During Quiet Geomagnetic Conditions. doi:10.1007/s11214-017-0332-1.

Georgev, V. K. (Ed.). (2016). Space Weather Fundamentals, doi:10.1201/9781315368474.

Gordeev, E., V. Sergeev, N. Tsyganenko, M. Kuznetsova, L. Rastaetter, J. Raeder, G. Toth, J. Lyon, V. Merkin, and M. Wiltberger (2016), The substorm cycle as reproduced by global MHD models, Space Weather, 15, doi:10.1002/2016SW001495.

Gvishiani, A., Soloviev, A., Krasnoperov, R., & Lukianova, R. (2016). Automated hardware and software system for monitoring the Earth's magnetic environment. Data Science Journal, 15, doi:10.5334/dsj-2016-018.

Hao, Y. X., et al. (2016), Electron dropout echoes induced by interplanetary shock: Van Allen Probes observations, Geophys. Res. Lett., 43, 5597-5605, doi:10.1002/2016GL069140.

Humberset, B. K., J. W Gjerloev, M. Samara, R. G. Michell (2016), Scale Size Dependent Characteristics of the Nightside Aurora, J. Geophys. Res. Space Physics, doi: 10.1002/2016JA023695.

James, M. K., T. K. Yeoman, P. N. Mager, and D. Y. Klimushkin (2016), Multiradar observations of substorm-driven ULF waves, J. Geophys. Res. Space Physics, 121, 5213-5232, doi:10.1002/2015JA022102.

Juusola, L., W. E. Archer, K. Kauristie, J. K. Burchill, H. Vanhamaki, and A. T. Aikio (2016), Ionospheric conductances and currents of a morning sector auroral arc from Swarm-A electric and magnetic field measurements, Geophys. Res. Lett., 43, 11,519-11,527, doi:10.1002/2016GL070248.

Katus, R. M., M. W. Liemohn, A. M. Keesee, T. J. Immel, R. Ilie, D. T. Welling, N. Y. Ganushkina, N. J. Perlongo, and A. J. Ridley (2016), Geomagnetic disturbance intensity dependence on the universal timing of the storm peak, J. Geophys. Res. Space Physics, 121, 7561-7571, doi:10.1002/2016JA022967.

Kauristie, K., Morschhauser, A., Olsen, N., Finlay, C. C., McPherron, R. L., Gjerloev, J. W., & Opgenoorth, H. J. (2016). On the usage of geomagnetic indices for data selection in internal field modelling. Space Science Reviews, 1-30, doi:10.1007/s11214-016-0301-0

Kawano, H., Yukimatsu, A. S., Tanaka, Y., and Hori, T. (2016)., SC-Triggered 1.6mHz Waves Including an Interval with Latitude-Dependent Phase Shift, Observed by the SuperDARN Hokkaido East Radar in Mid Latitudes: Possible Global Magnetospheric Cavity-Mode Waves and Their Field-Line Resonance with Poloidal Alfven- Mode Waves , Mem. Fac. Sci., Kyushu Univ., Ser. D, Earth & Planet. Sci., Vol. XXXIV, No. 1, pp. 1-15, November 00, 2016

Kikuchi, T., K. K. Hashimoto, I. Tomizawa, Y. Ebihara, Y. Nishimura, T. Araki, A. Shinbori, B. Veenadhari, T. Tanaka, and T. Nagatsuma (2016), Response of the incompressible ionosphere to the compression of the magnetosphere during the geomagnetic sudden commencements, J. Geophys. Res. Space Physics, 121, 1536-1556, doi:10.1002/2015JA022166.

Krall, J., Huba, J.D., Jordanova, V.K., Denton, R.E., Carranza, T. and Moldwin, M.B., (2016). Measurement and modeling of the refilling plasmasphere during 2001. Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics. doi:10.1002/2015JA022126.

Kronberg E.A.A., E.E. Grigorenko, D.L. Turner, P.W. Daly, Y.V. Khotyaintsev, and L. Kozak (2017), Comparing and contrasting dispersionless injections at geosynchronous orbit during a substorm event, J. Geophys. Res., 122, doi:10.1002/2016JA023551.

Lakhina, G.S. and Tsurutani, B.T., (2016). Geomagnetic storms: historical perspective to modern view. Geoscience Letters, 3(1), pp.1-11. doi:10.1186/s40562-016-0037-4.

Laundal, K. M., & Richmond, A. D. (2016). Magnetic coordinate systems. Space Science Reviews, 1-33.

Laundal, K. M., Cnossen, I., Milan, S. E., Haaland, S. E., Coxon, J., Pedatella, N. M., ... & Reistad, J. P. (2016). North-South Asymmetries in Earth's Magnetic Field. Space Science Reviews, 1-33, doi:10.1007/s11214-016-0273-0.

Laundal, K. M., Finlay, C. C., & Olsen, N. (2016). Sunlight effects on the 3D polar current system determined from low Earth orbit measurements. Earth, Planets and Space, 68(1), 142, doi:10.1186/s40623-016-0518-x.

Laundal, K.M., Gjerloev, J.W., Ostgaard, N., Reistad, J.P., Haaland, S., Snekvik, K., Tenfjord, P., Ohtani, S. and Milan, S.E. (2016). The impact of sunlight on high-latitude equivalent currents. Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics. doi:10.1002/2015JA022236.

Li, L. Y., Yu, J., Cao, J. B., & Yuan, Z. G. (2016). Compression-amplified EMIC waves and their effects on relativistic electrons. Physics of Plasmas, 23(6), 062116 doi:10.1063/1.4953899.

Lu, G., Richmond, A. D., Luhr, H., & Paxton, L. (2016). High-latitude energy input and its impact on the thermosphere. Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics, 121(7), 7108-7124, doi:10.1002/2015JA022294.

Lugaz, N., C. J. Farrugia, R. M. Winslow, N. Al-Haddad, E. K. J. Kilpua, and P. Riley (2016), Factors affecting the geoeffectiveness of shocks and sheaths at 1 AU, J. Geophys. Res. Space Physics, 121, 10,861-10,879, doi:10.1002/2016JA023100.

Luhr, H., Xiong, C., Olsen, N., & Le, G. (2016). Near-earth magnetic field effects of large-scale magnetospheric currents. Space Science Reviews, 1-25, doi:10.1007/s11214-016-0267-y.

Lyons, L. R., et al. (2016), The 17 March 2013 storm: Synergy of observations related to electric field modes and their ionospheric and magnetospheric Effects, J. Geophys. Res. Space Physics, 121, 10,880-10,897, doi:10.1002/2016JA023237.

Mann, I. R., Ozeke, L. G., Murphy, K. R., Claudepierre, S. G., Turner, D. L., Baker, D. N., ... & Spence, H. E. (2016). Explaining the dynamics of the ultra-relativistic third Van Allen radiation belt. Nature Physics, doi:10.1038/nphys3799.

Marsal, S., J. M. Torta, A. Segarra, and T. Araki (2016), Use of spherical elementary currents to map the polar current systems associated with the geomagnetic sudden commencements on 2013 and 2015 St. Patrick's Day storms, J. Geophys. Res. Space Physics, 122, doi:10.1002/2016JA023166.

Matzka, J. (2016). Geomagnetic Observatories. Journal of large-scale research facilities JLSRF, 2, 83, doi:10.17815/jlsrf-2-136.

McPherron, R. L., & Chu, X. (2016). Relation of the auroral substorm to the substorm current wedge. Geoscience Letters, 3(1), 12, doi:10.1186/s40562-016-0044-5

McPherron, R. L., & Chu, X. (2016). The Mid-Latitude Positive Bay and the MPB Index of Substorm Activity. Space Science Reviews, 1-32, doi:10.1007/s11214-016-0316-6.

Merkin, V.G., Kondrashov, D., Ghil, M. and Anderson, B.J., (2016). Data assimilation of low-altitude magnetic perturbations into a global magnetosphere model. Space Weather, 14(2), 165-184. doi:10.1002/2015SW001330.

Mishin, E. V. (2016), SAPS onset timing during substorms and the westward traveling surge, Geophys. Res. Lett., 43, 6687-6693, doi:10.1002/2016GL069693.

Moore, T.E., Brenneman, K.S., Chappell, C.R., Clemmons, J.H., Collinson, G.A., Cully, C., Donovan, E., Earle, G.D., Gershman, D.J., Heelis, R.A. and Kistler, L.M., (2016). Future Atmosphere-Ionosphere-Magnetosphere Coupling Study Requirements. Magnetosphere-Ionosphere Coupling in the Solar System, 222, p.357, doi:10.1002/9781119066880.ch28.

Nakayama, Y., Y. Ebihara, S. Ohtani, M. Gkioulidou, K. Takahashi, L. M. Kistler, and T. Tanaka (2016), Void structure of O+ ions in the inner magnetosphere observed by the Van Allen Probes, J. Geophys. Res. Space Physics, 121, 11,698-11,713, doi:10.1002/2016JA023013.

Ngwira, C. M., & Coster, A. J. (2016). Global Ionospheric Electron Density Disturbances During the Initial Phase of a Geomagnetic Storm on 5 April 2010. Ionospheric Space Weather: Longitude and Hemispheric Dependences and Lower Atmosphere Forcing, 263-279, doi:10.1002/9781118929216.ch21.

Nishimura, Y., Kikuchi, T., Ebihara, Y., Yoshikawa, A., Imajo, S., Li, W., & Utada, H. (2016). Evolution of the current system during solar wind pressure pulses based on aurora and magnetometer observations. Earth, Planets and Space, 68(1), 144, doi:10.1186/s40623-016-0517-y.

Olsen, N. (2016). Earth's Magnetic Field. Space Weather Fundamentals, 35.

Olsen, N., & Stolle, C. (2016). Magnetic Signatures of Ionospheric and Magnetospheric Current Systems During Geomagnetic Quiet Conditions - An Overview. Space Science Reviews, 1-21, doi:10.1007/s11214-016-0279-7.

Panov, E. V., Baumjohann, W., Wolf, R. A., Nakamura, R., Angelopoulos, V., Weygand, J. M., & Kubyshkina, M. V. (2016). Magnetotail energy dissipation during an auroral substorm. Nature Physics, 12(12), 1158-1163, doi:10.1038/nphys3879.

Paxton, L. J., & Zhang, Y. (2016). Far Ultraviolet Imaging of the Aurora. Space Weather Fundamentals, 213.

Perlongo, N. J., & Ridley, A. J. (2016). Universal time effect in the response of the thermosphere to electric field changes. Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics, 121(4), 3681-3698, doi:10.1002/2015JA021636.

Raeder, J., Cramer, W. D., Jensen, J., Fuller-Rowell, T., Maruyama, N., Toffoletto, F., & Vo, H. (2016, November). Sub-Auroral Polarization Streams: A complex interaction between the magnetosphere, ionosphere, and thermosphere. In Journal of Physics: Conference Series (Vol. 767, No. 1, p. 012021). IOP Publishing, doi:10.1088/1742-6596/767/1/012021

Reistad, J. P., N. Ostgaard, P. Tenfjord, K. M. Laundal, K. Snekvik, S. Haaland, S. E. Milan, K. Oksavik, H. U. Frey, and A. Grocott (2016), Dynamic effects of restoring footpoint symmetry on closed magnetic field lines, J. Geophys. Res. Space Physics, 121, 3963-3977, doi:10.1002/2015JA022058.

Rodriguez-Zuluaga, J., S. M. Radicella, B. Nava, C. Amory-Mazaudier, H. Mora-Paez, and K. Alazo-Cuartas (2016), Distinct responses of the low-latitude ionosphere to CME and HSSWS: The role of the IMF Bz oscillation frequency, J. Geophys. Res. Space Physics, 121, 11,528-11,548, doi:10.1002/2016JA022539.

Rout, D., D. Chakrabarty, R. Sekar, G. D. Reeves, J. M. Ruohoniemi, T. K. Pant, B. Veenadhari, and K. Shiokawa (2016), An evidence for prompt electric field disturbance driven by changes in the solar wind density under northward IMF Bz condition, J. Geophys. Res. Space Physics, 121, 4800-4810, doi:10.1002/2016JA022475.

Saiz, E., Guerrero, A., Cid, C., Palacios, J., & Cerrato, Y. (2016). Searching for Carrington-like events and their signatures and triggers. Journal of Space Weather and Space Climate, 6, A6, doi:10.1051/swsc/2016001.

Shore, R. M. Freeman, J. Wild, J. Gjerloev (2017), A high-resolution model of the external and induced magnetic field at the Earth's surface in the northern hemisphere, J. Geophys. Res. Space Phys., doi:10.1002/2016JA023682.

Spence, H. E., Reeves, G. D., & Kessel, R. (2016). An Overview of Early Results from the Radiation Belt Storm Probes Energetic Particle, Composition, and Thermal Plasma Suite on NASA's Van Allen Probes Mission. Waves, Particles, and Storms in Geospace: A Complex Interplay, 425, doi:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198705246.003.0018.

Stolle, C., Michaelis, I., & Rauberg, J. (2016). The role of high-resolution geomagnetic field models for investigating ionospheric currents at low Earth orbit satellites. Earth, Planets and Space, 68(1), 110, doi:10.1186/s40623-016-0494-1.

Tenfjord, P., N. Ostgaard, R. Strangeway, S. Haaland, K. Snekvik, K. M. Laundal, J. P. Reistad, and S. E. Milan (2016), Magnetospheric response and reconfiguration times following IMF By reversals, J. Geophys. Res. Space Physics, 122, doi:10.1002/2016JA023018.

Troshichev, O., Sormakov, D., & Behlke, R. (2016). Relationship between Pc Index and Magnetospheric Field-Aligned Currents Measured by Swarm Satellites. Journal of Space Exploration, 5(3).

Verkhoglyadova O, Meng X, Mannucci A, Tsurutani B, Hunt L, et al. Estimation of energy budget of ionosphere- thermosphere system during two CIR-HSS events: observations and modeling. J. Space Weather Space Clim., 6, A20, 2016, doi:10.1051/swsc/2016013.

Vujic, Eugen, and Mario Brkic (2016), Geomagnetic coast effect at two Croatian repeat stations, Annals of Geophysics, Vol 59, No 6, doi:10.4401/ag-6765.

Waters, C., & Menk, F. (2016). Monitoring Magnetospheric Waves from the Ground. Waves, Particles, and Storms in Geospace: A Complex Interplay, 170, doi:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198705246.003.0008.

Woodroffe, J. R., S. K. Morley, V. Jordanova, M. G. Henderson, M. M. Cowee, and J. W. Gjerloev (2016), The Latitudinal Variation of Geoelectromagnetic Disturbances During Large (Dst<=-100 nT) Geomagnetic Storms, Space Weather, 14, doi:10.1002/2016SW001376.

Yang, X., Gao, X., Tao, D., Li, X., Han, B., & Li, J. (2016). Shape-constrained sparse and low-rank decomposition for auroral substorm detection. IEEE transactions on neural networks and learning systems, 27(1), 32-46, doi:10.1109/TNNLS.2015.2411613.

Zesta, E., Boudouridis, A., Weygand, J. M., Yizengaw, E., Moldwin, M. B., & Chi, P. (2016). Interhemispheric Asymmetries in Magnetospheric Energy Input. Ionospheric Space Weather: Longitude and Hemispheric Dependences and Lower Atmosphere Forcing, 1-20, doi:10.1002/9781118929216.ch1.

2015

Anand K. Singh, A.K. Sinha, S. Saini, Rahul Rawat, Auroral electrojets during severely disturbed geomagnetic condition on 24 August 2005, Advances in Space Research, Volume 55, Issue 5, 1 March 2015, Pages 1349-1355, ISSN 0273-1177, doi:10.1016/j.asr.2014.11.034.

Beharrell, M. J., F. Honary, C. J. Rodger, and M. A. Clilverd (2015), Substorm-induced energetic electron precipitation: Morphology and prediction, J. Geophys. Res. Space Physics, 120, doi:10.1002/2014JA020632.

Chambodut, A., A. Marchaudon, C. Lathuillère, M. Menvielle, and E. Foucault (2015), New hemispheric geomagnetic indices α with 15 min time resolution, J. Geophys. Res. Space Physics, 120, doi:10.1002/2015JA021479.

Chu, X., R. L. McPherron, T.-S. Hsu, V. Angelopoulos, Z. Pu, Z. Yao, H. Zhang, and M. Connors (2015), Magnetic mapping effects of substorm currents leading to auroral poleward expansion and equatorward retreat, J. Geophys. Res. Space Physics, 120, 253-265, doi:10.1002/2014JA020596.

Chu, X., R. L. McPherron, T.-S. Hsu, and V. Angelopoulos (2015), Solar cycle dependence of substorm occurrence and duration: Implications for onset, J. Geophys. Res. Space Physics, 120, doi:10.1002/2015JA021104.

Dods, J., S. C. Chapman, and J. W. Gjerloev (2015), Network Analysis of Geomagnetic Substorms Using the SuperMAG Database of Ground Based Magnetometer Stations, J. Geophys. Res. Space Physics, , doi:10.1002/2015JA021456.

Escoubet, C. P., Masson, A., Laakso, H., and Goldstein, M. L.: Recent highlights from Cluster, the first 3-D magnetospheric mission, Ann. Geophys., 33, 1221-1235, doi:10.5194/angeo-33-1221-2015, 2015.

Forsyth, C., I. J. Rae, J. C. Coxon, M. P. Freeman, C. M. Jackman, J. Gjerloev, and A. N. Fazakerley (2015), A New Technique for Determining Substorm Onsets and Phases from Indices of the Electrojet (SOPHIE), J. Geophys. Res. Space Physics, 120, doi:10.1002/2015JA021343.

Georgiou, M., I. A. Daglis, E. Zesta, G. Balasis, I. R. Mann, C. Katsavrias, and K. Tsinganos (2015), Association of radiation belt electron enhancements with earthward penetration of Pc5 ULF waves: a case study of intense 2001 magnetic storms , Ann. Geophys., 33, 1431-1442, doi:10.5194/angeo-33-1431-2015

Gvishiani, A.D. Lukianova, A. and R. Yu. (2105), Geoinformatics and observations of the Earth's magnetic field: The Russian segment, Izvestiya, Physics of the Solid Earth, 1069-3513, Vol. 51, Issue 2, doi:10.1134/S1069351315020044.

Haaland, S., A. Eriksson, M. André, L. Maes, L. Baddeley, A. Barakat, R. Chappell, V. Eccles, C. Johnsen, B. Lybekk, et al. (2015), Estimation of cold plasma outflow during geomagnetic storms, J. Geophys. Res. Space Physics, 120, 10,622-10,639, doi:10.1002/2015JA021810.

Katsavrias, C., Daglis, I. A., Li, W., Dimitrakoudis, S., Georgiou, M., Turner, D. L., and Papadimitriou, C.: Combined effects of concurrent Pc5 and chorus waves on relativistic electron dynamics, Ann. Geophys., 33, 1173-1181, doi:10.5194/angeo-33-1173-2015, 2015.

Laundal, K. M., S. E. Haaland, N. Lehtinen, J. W. Gjerloev, N. Ostgaard, P. Tenfjord, J. P. Reistad, K. Snekvik, S. E. Milan, S. Ohtani, et al. (2015), Birkeland current effects on high-latitude ground magnetic field perturbations, Geophys. Res. Lett., , doi:10.1002/2015GL065776.

Liuzzo, L. R., A. J. Ridley, N. J. Perlongo, E. J. Mitchell, M. Conde, D. L. Hampton, W. A. Bristow, and M.J. Nicolls (2015), High-latitude ionospheric drivers and their effects on wind patterns in the thermosphere, J. Geophys. Res. Space Physics, 120, 715-735, doi:10.1002/2014JA020553.

Lyatskaya, S., W. Lyatsky, and E. Zesta (2015), Effect of interhemispheric currents on equivalent ionospheric currents in two hemispheres: Simulation results, J. Geophys. Res. Space Physics, 120, doi:10.1002/2015JA021167.

McGranaghan, R., D. J. Knipp, T. Matsuo, H. Godinez, R. J. Redmon, S. C. Solomon, and S. K. Morley (2015), Modes of high-latitude auroral conductance variability derived from DMSP energetic electron precipitation observations: Empirical orthogonal function analysis, J. Geophys. Res. Space Physics, 120, 11,013-11,031, doi:10.1002/2015JA021828.

Milan, S. E., J. A. Carter, H. Korth, and B. J. Anderson (2015), Principal Component Analysis of Birkeland currents determined by the Active Magnetosphere and Planetary Electrodynamics Response Experiment, J. Geophys. Res. Space Physics, 120, doi:10.1002/2015JA021680.

Moen, J., K. Hosokawa, N. Gulbrandsen, and L. B. N. Clausen (2015), On the symmetry of ionospheric polar cap patch exits around magnetic midnight, J. Geophys. Res. Space Physics, 120, 7785-7797, doi:10.1002/2014JA020914.

Motoba, T., S. Ohtani, B. J. Anderson, H. Korth, D. Mitchell, L. J. Lanzerotti, K. Shiokawa, M. Connors, C. A. Kletzing, and G. D. Reeves (2015), On the formation and origin of substorm growth phase/onset auroral arcs inferred from conjugate space-ground observations, J. Geophys. Res. Space Physics, 120, doi:10.1002/2015JA021676.

Nemec, F., M. Parrot, and O. Santolik (2015), Power line harmonic radiation observed by the DEMETER spacecraft at 50/60 Hz and low harmonics, J. Geophys. Res. Space Physics, 120, 8954-8967, doi:10.1002/2015JA021682.

Newell, P. T., Liou, K., Zhang, Y., Sotirelis, T. S., Paxton, L. J., & Mitchell, E. J. (2015). Auroral Precipitation Models and Space Weather. Auroral Dynamics and Space Weather, 215, 277, doi:10.1002/9781118978719.ch18.

Oliveira, D. M, J. Raeder, and J. W. Gjerloev (2015), Effects of Interplanetary Shock Inclinations on Nightside Auroral Power Intensity, Braz J Phys, doi:10.1007/s13538-015-0389-9.

Oliveira, D. M., and J. Raeder (2015), Impact angle control of interplanetary shock geoeffectiveness: A statistical study, J. Geophys. Res. Space Physics, 120, doi:10.1002/2015JA021147.

Palin, L. et al. (2015), Three-dimensional current systems and ionospheric effects associated with small dipolarisation fronts, J. Geophys. Res. Space Physics, 120, doi:10.1002/2015JA021040.

Pothier, N. M., D. R. Weimer, and W. B. Moore (2015), Quantitative maps of geomagnetic perturbation vectors during substorm onset and recovery, J. Geophys. Res. Space Physics, 120, doi:10.1002/2014JA020602.

Raeder, J., & Knipp, D. (2015). Framework for Understanding Global Versus Local Energy Deposition into the Ionosphere and Thermosphere (No. AFRL-AFOSR-VA-2015-0247). NEW HAMPSHIRE UNIV DURHAM. Chicago

Reay , S. J.., D. C. Herzog, S. Alex, E. P. Kharin, S. McLean, M. Nosé, N. A. Sergeyeva, Magnetic Observatory Data and Metadata: Types and Availability, Springer Netherlands , Geomagnetic Observations and Models, Volume 5 of the series IAGA Special Sopron Book Series pp 149-181, doi:10.1007/978-90-481-9858-0_7

Rodger, C. J., K. Cresswell-Moorcock, and M. A. Clilverd (2015), Nature's grand experiment: Linkage between magnetospheric convection and the radiation belts, J. Geophys. Res. Space Physics, 120, doi:10.1002/2015JA021537.

Romanova, N. V., V. A. Pilipenko, M. V. Stepanova, On the magnetic precursor of the Chilean earthquake of February 27, 2010, Geomagnetism and Aeronomy, March 2015, Volume 55, Issue 2, pp 219-222, doi:10.1134/S0016793215010107.

Schrijver, C.J., et al. Understanding space weather to shield society: A global road map for 2015-2025 commissioned by COSPAR and ILWS (2015), Advances in Space Research, 5(12), 2745-2807, doi:10.1016/j.asr.2015.03.023.

Shen, C., G. Zeng, X. Li, and Z. J. Rong (2015), Evolution of the storm magnetic field disturbance around Earth's surface and the associated ring current as deduced from multiple ground observatories, J. Geophys. Res. Space Physics, 120, 564-580, doi:10.1002/2014JA020562.

Singha, A. K., A. K. Sinhab, S. Sainia, R. Rawatb (2015), Auroral electrojets during severely disturbed geomagnetic condition on 24 August 2005, Advances in Space Research, Vol. 55, Issue 5, 1 March 2015, Pages 1349-1355, doi:10.1016/j.asr.2014.11.034.

Tsurutani, B. T., Hajra, R., Echer, E., and Gjerloev, J. W.: Extremely intense (SML <= -2500 nT) substorms: isolated events that are externally triggered?, Ann. Geophys., 33, 519-524, doi:10.5194/angeo-33-519-2015, 2015.

Waters, C. L., J. W. Gjerloev, M. Dupont, and R. J. Barnes (2015), Global maps of ground magnetometer data, J. Geophys. Res. Space Physics, 120, doi:10.1002/2015JA021596.

Watson, C., P. T. Jayachandran, H. J. Singer, R. J. Redmon, and D. Danskin (2015), Large amplitude GPS TEC variations associated with Pc5-6 magnetic field variations observed on the ground and at geosynchronous orbit. J. Geophys. Res. Space Physics, 120, doi:10.1002/2015JA021517.

Yamazaki, Y., M. J. Kosch, and E. K. Sutton (2015), North-south asymmetry of the high-latitude thermospheric density: IMF BY effect, J. Geophys. Res. Lett., 42, 225-232, doi:10.1002/2014GL062748.

Yang, X., Gao, X., Tao, D., Li, X., Han, B., & Li, J. (2015). Shape-Constrained Sparse and Low-Rank Decomposition for Auroral Substorm Detection, Neural Networks and Learning Systems, IEEE Transactions on, PP(99), doi:10.1109/TNNLS.2015.2411613.

Yao, Y., Y. Ebihara, and T. Tanaka (2015), Formation and evolution of high-plasma-pressure region in the near-Earth plasma sheet: Precursor and postcursor of substorm expansion onset, J. Geophys. Res. Space Physics, 120, doi:10.1002/2015JA021187.

Zhang, L. Q., J. Y. Wang, W. Baumjohann, H. Rème, L. Dai, M. W. Dunlop, T. Chen, and Y. Huang (2015), X lines in the magnetotail for southward and northward IMF conditions, J. Geophys. Res. Space Physics, 120, 7764-7773, doi:10.1002/2015JA021503.

2014

Andréeová, K., Juusola, L., Kilpua, E. K. J., and Koskinen, H. E. J.: Analysis of double-step response to an interplanetary shock in the dayside magnetosphere, Ann. Geophys., 32, 1293-1302, doi:10.5194/angeo-32-1293-2014, 2014.

Broughton, M. C., J. LaBelle, and M. Parrot (2014), DEMETER observations of bursty MF emissions and their relation to ground-level auroral MF burst, J. Geophys. Res. Space Physics, 119, doi:10.1002/2014JA020410.

Chu, X., et al. (2014), Development and validation of inversion technique for substorm current wedge using ground magnetic field data, J. Geophys. Res. Space Physics, 119, 1909-1924, doi:10.1002/2013JA019185.

Coxon, J. C., S. E. Milan, L. B. N. Clausen, B. J. Anderson, and H. Korth (2014), A superposed epoch analysis of the regions 1 and 2 Birkeland currents observed by AMPERE during substorms, J. Geophys. Res. Space Physics, 119, doi:10.1002/2014JA020500.

Coxon, J. C., S. E. Milan, L. B. N. Clausen, B. J. Anderson, and H. Korth (2014), The magnitudes of the regions 1 and 2 Birkeland currents observed by AMPERE and their role in solar wind-magnetosphere-ionosphere coupling, J. Geophys. Res. Space Physics, 119, doi:10.1002/2014JA020138.

Forsyth, C., et al. (2014), Increases in plasma sheet temperature with solar wind driving during substorm growth phases, J. Geophys. Res. Lett., 41, doi:10.1002/2014GL062400.

Gjerloev, J. W., and R. A. Hoffman (2014), The large-scale current system during auroral substorms, J. Geophys. Res. Space Physics, 119, 4591-4606, doi:10.1002/2013JA019176.

Guo J., H. Liu, X. Feng, T. I. Pulkkinen, E. I. Tanskanen, C. Liu, D. Zhong and Y. Wang (2014), MLT and seasonal dependence of auroral electrojets: IMAGE magnetometer network observations, J. Geophys. Res. Space Physics, doi:10.1002/2014JA019843

Guo, J., T. I. Pulkkinen, E. I. Tanskanen, X. Feng, B. A. Emery, H. Liu, C. Liu, and D. Zhong (2014), Annual variations in westward auroral electrojet and substorm occurrence rate during solar cycle 23, J. Geophys. Res. Space Physics, 119, 2061-2068, doi:10.1002/2013JA019742.

Gvishiani, A. , R. Lukianova, A. Soloviev, A. Khokhlov, (2014), Survey of Geomagnetic Observations Made in the Northern Sector of Russia and New Methods for Analysing Them, , Surv Geophys, 35:1123-1154 doi:10.1007/s10712-014-9297-8.

Haaland, S., J. Reistad, P. Tenfjord, J. Gjerloev, L. Maes, J. DeKeyser, R. Maggiolo, C. Anekallu, and N. Dorville (2014), Characteristics of the flank magnetopause: Cluster observations, J. Geophys. Res. Space Physics, 119, 9019-9037, doi:10.1002/2014JA020539.

Hajra, R., E. Echer, B. T. Tsurutani, and W. D. Gonzalez (2014), Solar wind-magnetosphere energy coupling efficiency and partitioning: HILDCAAs and preceding CIR storms during solar cycle 23, J. Geophys. Res. Space Physics, 119, doi:10.1002/2013JA019646.

He, M., J. Vogt, H. Lühr, and E. Sorbalo (2014), Local time resolved dynamics of field-aligned currents and their response to solar wind variability, J. Geophys. Res. Space Physics, 119, doi:10.1002/2014JA019776.

Holappa, L., K. Mursula, T. Asikainen, and I.G. Richardson (2014), Annual fractions of high-speed streams from principal component analysis of local geomagnetic activity, J. Geophys. Res. Space Physics, 119, 4544-4555, doi:10.1002/2014JA019958.

Horvath, I., and B. C. Lovell (2014), Perturbation electric fields and disturbance currents investigated during the 25 September 1998 great storm, J. Geophys. Res. Space Physics, 119, doi:10.1002/2014JA020480.

Laundal, K. M., and J. W. Gjerloev (2014), What is the appropriate coordinate system for magnetometer data when analyzing ionospheric currents?, J. Geophys. Res. Space Physics, 119, doi:10.1002/2014JA020484.

Li, H., C. Wang, and S. Y. Fu (2014), Classification of fast flows in central plasma sheet: Superposed Epoch Analysis based on THEMIS observations, J. Geophys. Res. Space Physics, 119, doi:10.1002/2014JA020105, 2014.

Menk, F., Z. Kale, M. Sciffer, P. Robinson, C. Waters, R. Grew, M. Clilverd, and I. Mann (2014), Remote sensing the plasmasphere, plasmapause, plumes and other features using ground-based magnetometers, Journal of Space Weather and Space Climate, Vol 4, A34, doi:10.1051/swsc/2014030

Newell, P. T., K. Liou, Y. Zhang, T. Sotirelis, L. J. Paxton, and E. J. Mitchell (2014), OVATION Prime-2013: Extension of auroral precipitation model to higher disturbance levels, Space Weather, 12, 368-379, doi:10.1002/2014SW001056.

Newell, P. T., and J. W. Gjerloev (2014), Local geomagnetic indices and the prediction of auroral power, J. Geophys. Res. Space Physics, 119, doi:10.1002/2014JA020524.

Noah, M. A., and W. J. Burke (2014), Magnetospheric conditions for sawtooth event development, J. Geophys. Res. Space Physics, 119, doi:10.1002/2013JA019573.

Ohtani, S., and T. Uozumi (2014), Nightside magnetospheric current circuit: Time constants of the solar wind-magnetosphere coupling, J. Geophys. Res. Space Physics, 119, doi:10.1002/2013JA019680.

Sergeev, V. A., D. A. Sormakov, and V. Angelopoulos (2014), A missing variable in solar wind-magnetosphere-ionosphere coupling studies, J. Geophys. Res. Lett., 41, doi:10.1002/2014GL062271.

Walsh, A. P., Haaland, S., Forsyth, C., Keesee, A. M., Kissinger, J., Li, K., Runov, A., Soucek, J., Walsh, B. M., Wing, S., and Taylor, M. G. G. T.: Dawn-dusk asymmetries in the coupled solar wind-magnetosphere-ionosphere system: a review, Ann. Geophys., 32, 705-737, doi:10.5194/angeo-32-705-2014, 2014.

Wang, C., J. P. Han, H. Li, Z. Peng, and J. D. Richardson (2014), Solar wind-magnetosphere energy coupling function fitting: Results from a global MHD simulation, J. Geophys. Res. Space Physics, 119, doi:10.1002/2014JA019834.

Wang, Y., A.M. Du, G. X. Chen, X. Cao, Y. Zhang, M. Li, X. C. Liu, J. P. Guo, (2014), Comparing the diurnal variations in the SuperMAG auroral electrojet indices SML and SMU, Chinese Science Bulletin, Vol. 59, 29-30, 3877-3883, doi:10.1007/s11434-014-0451-y.

Yao, Z. H., et al. (2014), Current reduction in a pseudo-breakup event: THEMIS observations, J. Geophys. Res. Space Physics, 119, doi:10.1002/2014JA020186.

2013

Chambodut, A., A. Marchaudon, M. Menvielle, F. El-Lemdani Mazouz, and C. Lathuillère (2013), The K-derived MLT sector geomagnetic indices, J. Geophys. Res. Lett., 40, 4808-4812, doi:10.1002/grl.50947.

Cresswell-Moorcock, K., C. J. Rodger, A. Kero, A. B. Collier, M. A. Clilverd, I. Häggström, and T. Pitkänen (2013), A reexamination of latitudinal limits of substorm-produced energetic electron precipitation, J. Geophys. Res., 118: 10, 6694-6705, doi:10.1002/jgra.50598.

Dougal, E. R., Nykyri, K., and Moore, T. W.: Mapping of the quasi-periodic oscillations at the flank magnetopause into the ionosphere, Ann. Geophys., 31, 1993-2011, doi:10.5194/angeo-31-1993-2013, 2013.

Fiori, R. A. D., D. H. Boteler, D. M. Gillies, Assessment of GIC risk due to geomagnetic sudden commencements and identification of the current systems responsible, Space Weather, doi:10.1002/2013SW000967.

Haaland, S., and J. Gjerloev (2013), On the relation between asymmetries in the ring current and magnetopause current, J. Geophys. Res. Space Physics, 118, 7593-7604, doi:10.1002/2013JA019345.

Imber, S. M., S. E. Milan, and M. Lester (2013), Solar cycle variations in polar cap area measured by the superDARN radars, J. Geophys. Res. Space Physics, 118, 6188-6196, doi:10.1002/jgra.50509.

Liou, K., K. Takahashi, B.J. Anderson, M. Nose, T. Iyemori (2013), Assessment of the auroral electrojet index performance under various geomagnetic conditions, Journal of Atmospheric and Solar-Terrestrial Physics, 92, Pages 31-36, doi:10.1016/j.jastp.2012.09.017.

Liou, K., P. T. Newell, Y.-L. Zhang, and L. J. Paxton (2013), Statistical comparison of isolated and non-isolated auroral substorms, J. Geophys. Res. Space Physics, 118, 2466-2477, doi:10.1002/jgra.50218.

Lui, A. T. Y., Cross-tail current evolution during substorm dipolarization, Ann. Geophys., 31, 1131-1142, doi:10.5194/angeo-31-1131-2013, 2013

Merkin, V. G., B. J. Anderson, J. G. Lyon, H. Korth, M. Wiltberger, and T. Motoba (2013), Global evolution of Birkeland currents on 10 min timescales: MHD simulations and observations, J. Geophys. Res. Space Physics, 118, 4977-4997, doi:10.1002/jgra.50466.

Mitchell, E. J., P. T. Newell, J. W. Gjerloev, and K. Liou (2013), OVATION-SM: A model of auroral precipitation based on SuperMAG generalized auroral electrojet and substorm onset times, J. Geophys. Res. Space Physics, 118, 3747-3759, doi:10.1002/jgra.50343.

Moore, T. E., M. O. Chandler, N. Buzulukova, G. A. Collinson, E. L. Kepko, K. S. Garcia-Sage, M. G. Henderson, and M. I. Sitnov (2013), "Snowplow" injection front effects, J. Geophys. Res. Space Physics, 118, 6478-6488, doi:10.1002/jgra.50573.

Newell, P. T., J. W. Gjerloev, and E. J. Mitchell, Space climate implications from substorm frequency, J. Geophys. Res. Space Physics, 118, doi:10.1002/jgra.50597, 2013

Noah, M. A. and W. J. Burke, Sawtooth-substorm connections: A closer look, J. Geophys. Res. Space Physics, 118, Issue 8, pages 5136-5148, doi:10.1002/jgra.50440, August 2013

Ohtani, S., T. Uozumi, H. Kawano, A. Yoshikawa, H. Utada, T. Nagatsuma, and K. Yumoto, The response of the dayside equatorial electrojet to step-like changes of IMF Bz, J. Geophys. Res. Space Physics, 118, doi:10.1002/jgra.50318, 2013

Ream, J. B., R. J. Walker, M. Ashour-Abdalla, M. El-Alaoui, M. G. Kivelson, and M. L. Goldstein (2013), Generation of Pi2 pulsations by intermittent earthward propagating dipolarization fronts: An MHD case study, J. Geophys. Res. Space Physics, 118, 6364-6377, doi:10.1002/2013JA018734.

Singh, A. K., R. Rawat, and B. M. Pathan, On the UT and seasonal variations of the standard and SuperMAG auroral electrojet indices, J. Geophys. Res. Space Physics, 118, doi:10.1002/jgra.50488, 2013

Singh, A. K., Sinha, A. K., Rajaram, R., and Pathan, B. M.: Storm-time longitudinally propagating asymmetric modes at low latitudes, Ann. Geophys., 30, 131-141, doi:10.5194/angeo-30-131-2012, 2012.

Tenfjord, P., and N. Ostgaard (2013), Energy transfer and flow in the solar wind-magnetosphere-ionosphere system: A new coupling function, J. Geophys. Res. Space Physics, 118, 5659-5672, doi:10.1002/jgra.50545.

Walsh, A. P., A. N. Fazakerley, C. Forsyth, C. J. Owen, M. G. G. T. Taylor, and I. J. Rae (2013), Sources of electron pitch angle anisotropy in the magnetotail plasma sheet, J. Geophys. Res. Space Physics, 118, 6042-6054, doi:10.1002/jgra.50553.

Wei, L. H., N. Homeier, and J. L. Gannon, Surface electric fields for North America during historical geomagnetic storms, Space Weather, 11, 451-462, doi:10.1002/swe.20073, 2013

Wing, S., M. Gkioulidou, J. R. Johnson, P. T. Newell, and C.-P. Wang (2013), Auroral particle precipitation characterized by the substorm cycle, J. Geophys. Res. Space Physics, 118, 1022-1039, doi:10.1002/jgra.50160.

Yang, QJ, J. M. Liang, J. M. Liu, Z. J. Hu, H. Q. Hu, A method for automatic identification of substorm expansion phase onset from UVI images, CHINESE JOURNAL OF GEOPHYSICS-CHINESE EDITION, 56, 5, 1435-1447, doi:10.6038/cjg20130502, 2013

Zhang, X. -Y., M.B. Moldwin, M. Cartwright (2013), The geo-effectiveness of interplanetary small-scale magnetic fluxropes, Journal of Atmospheric and Solar-Terrestrial Physics , 95-96, doi:10.1016/j.jastp.2012.12.006.

Zou, S.,M. B. Moldwin, M. J. Nicolls, A. J. Ridley, A. J. Coster, E. Yizengaw, L. R. Lyons, and E. F. Donovan, Electrodynamics of the high-latitude trough: Its relationship with convection flows and field-aligned currents, J. Geophys. Res. Space Physics, 118, 2565-2572, doi:10.1002/jgra.50120, 2013

Van de Kamp, M., Harmonic quiet-day curves as magnetometer baselines for ionospheric current analyses, Geosci. Instrum. Method. Data Syst., 2, 289-304, doi:10.5194/gi-2-289-2013, 2013.

2012

Connors, M., Comment on "Substorm growth and expansion onset as observed with ideal ground-spacecraft THEMIS coverage" by V. Sergeev et al., J. Geophys. Res., 117, A02205, doi:10.1029/2011JA017254, 2012

Fiori, R. A. D., D. Boteler, and A. V. Koustov, Response of ionospheric convection to sharp southward IMF turnings inferred from magnetometer and radar data, J. Geophys. Res., 117 (A09302), doi:10.1029/2012JA017755., 2012

Gjerloev, J. W., The SuperMAG data processing technique, J. Geophys. Res., 117, doi:10.1029/2012JA017683, 2012

Newell, P. T. and J. W. Gjerloev, SuperMAG-Based Partial Ring Current Indices, J. Geophys. Res., 117, doi:10.1029/2012JA017586, 2012

Ohtani, S., H. Korth, S. Wing, E. R. Talaat, H. U. Frey, and J. W. Gjerloev, The double auroral oval in the dusk-midnight sector: Formation, mapping and dynamics, J. Geophys. Res., 117, A08203, doi:10.1029/2011JA017501, 2012

2011

Maynard, N. C., C. J. Farrugia, W. J. Burke, D. M. Ober, J. D. Scudder, F. S. Mozer, C. T. Russell, H. Rème, C. Mouikis, and K. D. Siebert, Interactions of the heliospheric current and plasma sheets with the bow shock: Cluster and Polar observations in the magnetosheath, J. Geophys. Res., 116, A01212, doi:10.1029/2010JA015872, 2011

Newell, P. T., and J. W. Gjerloev, Evaluation of SuperMAG auroral electrojet indices as indicators of substorms and auroral power, J. Geophys. Res., 116, A12211, doi:10.1029/2011JA016779, 2011

Newell, P. T., and J. W. Gjerloev, Substorm and magnetosphere characteristic scales inferred from the SuperMAG auroral electrojet indices, J. Geophys. Res., 116, A12232, doi:10.1029/2011JA016936, 2011

Zhou, X.-Y., W. Sun, A. J. Ridley, and S. B. Mende, Joule heating associated with auroral electrojets during magnetospheric substorms, J. Geophys. Res., 116, A00I28, doi:10.1029/2010JA015804, 2011

2010

Gjerloev, J. W., R. A. Hoffman, S. Ohtani, J. Weygand, and R. Barnes, Response of the Auroral Electrojet Indices to Abrupt Southward IMF Turnings, Annales Geophysicae, 28, 1167-1182, doi:10.5194/angeo-28-1167-2010, 2010

Juusola, L., K. Andréeová, O. Amm, K. Kauristie, S. E. Milan, M. Palmroth, and N. Partamies, Effects of a solar wind dynamic pressure increase in the magnetosphere and in the ionosphere, Annales Geophysicae, 28, 1945-1959, doi:10.5194/angeo-28-1945-2010, 2010.

Lee, A., P. Newell, J. W. Gjerloev, and K. Liou, Relatively Low-Latitude Wave Aurora and Substorms, J. Geophys. Res. Lett., 37, doi:10.1029/2009GL041680, 2010

2009

Amm, O., A. Aruliah, S.C. Buchert, R. Fujii, J.W. Gjerloev, A. Ieda, T. Matsuo, C. Stolle, H. Vanhaaki, and A.Yoshikawa, Towards understanding the electrodynamics of the 3-dimensional high-latitude ionosphere: present and future, Annales Geophysicae, 26, 3913-3932, doi:10.5194/angeo-26-3913-2008, 2009

Gjerloev, J. W., A Global Ground-Based Magnetometer Initiative, EOS, 90, 230-231, doi:10.1029/2009EO270002, 2009

Shue, J.-H., Kamide, Y., and Gjerloev, J. W., Effects of solar wind density on auroral electrojets and brightness under influence of substorms, Annales Geophysicae, 27, 113-119, doi:10.5194/angeo-27-113-2009, 2009

2007

Gjerloev, J. W., R. A. Greenwald, C. L. Waters, K. Takahashi, D. Sibeck, K. Oksavik, R. Barnes, J. Baker, and J. M. Ruohoniemi, Observations of Pi2 pulsations by the Wallops HF radar in association with substorm expansion, J. Geophys. Res. Lett., 34,L20103, doi:10.1029/2007GL030492, 2007

Gjerloev, J. W., R. A. Hoffman, J. B. Sigwarth, L. A. Frank, and J. Baker, The typical auroral substorm: A bifurcated oval, J. Geophys. Res., 113, A03211, doi:10.1029/2007JA012431, 2007

Gjerloev, J. W., R. A. Hoffman, J. B. Sigwarth, L. A. Frank, Statistical description of the bulge-type auroral substorm in the far ultraviolet, J. Geophys. Res., 112, A07213, doi:10.1029/2006JA012189, 2007

Saetre C., C. A. Barth, J. Stadsnes, N. Ostgaard, S. M. Bailey, D. N. Baker, G. A. Germany, and J. W. Gjerloev, Thermospheric nitric oxide at higher latitudes: Model calculations with auroral energy input, J. Geophys. Res, 112, doi:10.1029/2006JA012203, 2007

Wing, S., J. W. Gjerloev, J. Johnson, R. A. Hoffman, Substorm plasma sheet ion pressure profiles, J. Geophys. Res. Lett, 34, doi:10.1029/2007GL030453, 2007

2006

Green, D. L., C. L. Waters, J. W. Gjerloev, The use of spherical cap harmonic analysis in predicting ground magnetic perturbations from ionospheric electric field and conductance models, Australian Institute of Physics (AIP), 17th National Congress, 2006

Pulkkinen T. I., N. Y. Ganushkina, E. I. Tanskanen, M. Kubyshkina, G. D. Reeves, M. F. Thomsen, C. T. Russell, H. J. Singer, J. A. Slavin, J. Gjerloev, Magnetospheric current systems during stormtime sawtooth events, J. Geophys. Res., 111, doi:10.1029/2006JA011627, 2006

Saetre, C., C. A. Barth, J. Stadsnes, N. Oestgaard, S. M. Bailey, D. N. Baker, and J. W. Gjerloev, Comparison of electron energy deposition calculated by a photochemical nitric oxide model, and derived from X-ray bremsstrahlung measurements, J. Geophys. Res., 111, doi:10.1029/2005JA011391, 2006

2005

Ahn B.-H., G. X. Chen, W. Sun, J. W. Gjerloev, Y. Kamide, J. B. Sigwarth, L. A. Frank, Equatorward expansion of the westward electrojet during magnetically disturbed periods, J. Geophys. Res., 110, A01305, doi:10.1029/2004JA010553, 2005

Ahn B.-H., G. X. Chen, W. Sun, J. W. Gjerloev, Y. Kamide, J. B. Sigwarth, L. A. Frank, Equatorward expansion of the westward electrojet during magnetically disturbed periods, Multiscale Coupling of Sun-Earth Processes, 145-156, 2005

Tanskanen E. I., J. A. Slavin, D. H. Fairfield, D. G. Sibeck, J. Gjerloev, T. Mukai, A. Ieda, T. Nagai, Magnetotail response to prolonged southward IMF Bz intervals: Loading, unloading, and continuous magnetospheric dissipation, J. Geophys. Res., 110, A03216, doi:10.1029/2004JA010561, 2005