Publication List

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Publication List

Published papers using the SuperMAG service. Please inform the PI of any relevant papers not included in the list.


Katus, R. M., M. W. Liemohn, A. M. Keesee, T. J. Immel, R. Ilie, D. T. Welling, N. Y. Ganushkina, N. J. Perlongo, and A. J. Ridley (2016), Geomagnetic disturbance intensity dependence on the universal timing of the storm peak, J. Geophys. Res. Space Physics, 121, 7561-7571, doi:10.1002/2016JA022967.

Adhikari, B., P. Baruwal, and N. P. Chapagain (2016), Analysis of supersubstorm events with reference to polar cap potential and polar cap index, Earth and Space Science, 4, doi:10.1002/2016EA000217.

Tenfjord, P., N. Ostgaard, R. Strangeway, S. Haaland, K. Snekvik, K. M. Laundal, J. P. Reistad, and S. E. Milan (2016), Magnetospheric response and reconfiguration times following IMF By reversals, J. Geophys. Res. Space Physics, 122, doi:10.1002/2016JA023018.

Vujic, Eugen, and Mario Brkic. "Geomagnetic coast effect at two Croatian repeat stations." Annals of Geophysics 59.6 (2017): G0652.

Olsen, N. (2016). Earth's Magnetic Field. Space Weather Fundamentals, 35.

Friis-Christensen, E., Finlay, C.C., Hesse, M. et al. Space Sci Rev (2017). Magnetic Field Perturbations from Currents in the Dark Polar Regions During Quiet Geomagnetic Conditions. doi:10.1007/s11214-017-0332-1.

Gordeev, E., V. Sergeev, N. Tsyganenko, M. Kuznetsova, L. Rastaetter, J. Raeder, G. Toth, J. Lyon, V. Merkin, and M. Wiltberger (2016), The substorm cycle as reproduced by global MHD models, Space Weather, 15, doi:10.1002/2016SW001495.

Marsal, S., J. M. Torta, A. Segarra, and T. Araki (2016), Use of spherical elementary currents to map the polar current systems associated with the geomagnetic sudden commencements on 2013 and 2015 St. Patrick's Day storms, J. Geophys. Res. Space Physics, 122, doi:10.1002/2016JA023166.

Nakayama, Y., Y. Ebihara, S. Ohtani, M. Gkioulidou, K. Takahashi, L. M. Kistler, and T. Tanaka (2016), Void structure of O+ ions in the inner magnetosphere observed by the Van Allen Probes, J. Geophys. Res. Space Physics, 121, 11,698-11,713, doi:10.1002/2016JA023013.

Juusola, L., W. E. Archer, K. Kauristie, J. K. Burchill, H. Vanhamaki, and A. T. Aikio (2016), Ionospheric conductances and currents of a morning sector auroral arc from Swarm-A electric and magnetic field measurements, Geophys. Res. Lett., 43, 11,519-11,527, doi:10.1002/2016GL070248.

Rodriguez-Zuluaga, J., S. M. Radicella, B. Nava, C. Amory-Mazaudier, H. Mora-Paez, and K. Alazo-Cuartas (2016), Distinct responses of the low-latitude ionosphere to CME and HSSWS: The role of the IMF Bz oscillation frequency, J. Geophys. Res. Space Physics, 121, 11,528-11,548, doi:10.1002/2016JA022539.

Lyons, L. R., et al. (2016), The 17 March 2013 storm: Synergy of observations related to electric field modes and their ionospheric and magnetospheric Effects, J. Geophys. Res. Space Physics, 121, 10,880-10,897, doi:10.1002/2016JA023237.

Lugaz, N., C. J. Farrugia, R. M. Winslow, N. Al-Haddad, E. K. J. Kilpua, and P. Riley (2016), Factors affecting the geoeffectiveness of shocks and sheaths at 1 AU, J. Geophys. Res. Space Physics, 121, 10,861-10,879, doi:10.1002/2016JA023100.

Chakrabarty D., D. Hui, D. Rout, R. Sekar, A. Bhattacharyya, G.D. Reeves, and J.M. Ruohoniemi (2017), Role of IMF By in the Prompt Electric Field Disturbances over Equatorial Ionosphere During a Space Weather Event, J. Geophys. Res. Space Physics, 122, doi:10.1002/2016JA022781.

Kronberg E.A.A., E.E. Grigorenko, D.L. Turner, P.W. Daly, Y.V. Khotyaintsev, and L. Kozak (2017), Comparing and contrasting dispersionless injections at geosynchronous orbit during a substorm event, J. Geophys. Res., 122, doi:10.1002/2016JA023551.

Reistad, J. P., N. Ostgaard, P. Tenfjord, K. M. Laundal, K. Snekvik, S. Haaland, S. E. Milan, K. Oksavik, H. U. Frey, and A. Grocott (2016), Dynamic effects of restoring footpoint symmetry on closed magnetic field lines, J. Geophys. Res. Space Physics, 121, 3963-3977, doi:10.1002/2015JA022058.

Rout, D., D. Chakrabarty, R. Sekar, G. D. Reeves, J. M. Ruohoniemi, T. K. Pant, B. Veenadhari, and K. Shiokawa (2016), An evidence for prompt electric field disturbance driven by changes in the solar wind density under northward IMF Bz condition, J. Geophys. Res. Space Physics, 121, 4800-4810, doi:10.1002/2016JA022475.

Hao, Y. X., et al. (2016), Electron dropout echoes induced by interplanetary shock: Van Allen Probes observations, Geophys. Res. Lett., 43, 5597-5605, doi:10.1002/2016GL069140.

James, M. K., T. K. Yeoman, P. N. Mager, and D. Y. Klimushkin (2016), Multiradar observations of substorm-driven ULF waves, J. Geophys. Res. Space Physics, 121, 5213-5232, doi:10.1002/2015JA022102.

Mishin, E. V. (2016), SAPS onset timing during substorms and the westward traveling surge, Geophys. Res. Lett., 43, 6687-6693, doi:10.1002/2016GL069693.

Woodroffe, J. R., S. K. Morley, V. Jordanova, M. G. Henderson, M. M. Cowee, and J. W. Gjerloev (2016), The Latitudinal Variation of Geoelectromagnetic Disturbances During Large (Dst<=-100 nT) Geomagnetic Storms, Space Weather, 14, doi:10.1002/2016SW001376.

Shore, R. M. Freeman, J. Wild, J. Gjerloev (2017), A high-resolution model of the external and induced magnetic field at the Earth's surface in the northern hemisphere, J. Geophys. Res. Space Phys., doi: 10.1002/2016JA023682.

Dods, J., S. C. Chapman, J.W. Gjerloev, Characterising the Ionospheric Current Pattern Response to Southward and Northward IMF Turnings with Dynamical SuperMAG Correlation Networks, J. Geophys.Res., doi:10.1002/2016JA023686.

Humberset, B. K., J. W Gjerloev, M. Samara, R. G. Michell (2016), Scale Size Dependent Characteristics of the Nightside Aurora, J. Geophys. Res. Space Physics, doi: 10.1002/2016JA023695.

Waters, C., & Menk, F. (2016). Monitoring Magnetospheric Waves from the Ground. Waves, Particles, and Storms in Geospace: A Complex Interplay, 170.

Birch, M. J., & Hargreaves, J. K. (2016). THEMIS observations and riometry: A data comparison with a view to proxy and prediction. Journal of Atmospheric and Solar-Terrestrial Physics, 137, 66-75.

McPherron, R. L., & Chu, X. (2016). Relation of the auroral substorm to the substorm current wedge. Geoscience Letters, 3(1), 12.

Laundal, K. M., Finlay, C. C., & Olsen, N. (2016). Sunlight effects on the 3D polar current system determined from low Earth orbit measurements. Earth, Planets and Space, 68(1), 142.

Connors, M., Schofield, I., Reiter, K., Chi, P.J., Rowe, K.M. and Russell, C.T. (2016). The AUTUMNX magnetometer meridian chain in Quebec, Canada. Earth, Planets and Space, 68(1), pp.1-21. doi:10.1186/s40623-015-0354-4.

Kawano, H., Yukimatsu, A. S., Tanaka, Y., and Hori, T. (2016)., SC-Triggered 1.6mHz Waves Including an Interval with Latitude-Dependent Phase Shift, Observed by the SuperDARN Hokkaido East Radar in Mid Latitudes: Possible Global Magnetospheric Cavity-Mode Waves and Their Field-Line Resonance with Poloidal Alfven- Mode Waves , Mem. Fac. Sci., Kyushu Univ., Ser. D, Earth & Planet. Sci., Vol. XXXIV, No. 1, pp. 1-15, November 00, 2016

Nishimura, Y., Kikuchi, T., Ebihara, Y., Yoshikawa, A., Imajo, S., Li, W., & Utada, H. (2016). Evolution of the current system during solar wind pressure pulses based on aurora and magnetometer observations. Earth, Planets and Space, 68(1), 144.

Raeder, J., Cramer, W. D., Jensen, J., Fuller-Rowell, T., Maruyama, N., Toffoletto, F., & Vo, H. (2016, November). Sub-Auroral Polarization Streams: A complex interaction between the magnetosphere, ionosphere, and thermosphere. In Journal of Physics: Conference Series (Vol. 767, No. 1, p. 012021). IOP Publishing.

Kauristie, K., Morschhauser, A., Olsen, N., Finlay, C. C., McPherron, R. L., Gjerloev, J. W., & Opgenoorth, H. J. (2016). On the usage of geomagnetic indices for data selection in internal field modelling. Space Science Reviews, 1-30.

McPherron, R. L., & Chu, X. (2016). The Mid-Latitude Positive Bay and the MPB Index of Substorm Activity. Space Science Reviews, 1-32.

Gvishiani, A., Soloviev, A., Krasnoperov, R., & Lukianova, R. (2016). Automated hardware and software system for monitoring the Earth's magnetic environment. Data Science Journal, 15.

Matzka, J. (2016). Geomagnetic Observatories. Journal of large-scale research facilities JLSRF, 2, 83.

Mann, I. R., Ozeke, L. G., Murphy, K. R., Claudepierre, S. G., Turner, D. L., Baker, D. N., ... & Spence, H. E. (2016). Explaining the dynamics of the ultra-relativistic third Van Allen radiation belt. Nature Physics.

Ding-Wei, L. I. U., Hui, W. A. N. G., Tao, H. U. A. N. G., Xue, C. A. O., and Ke-Deng, Z. H. A. N. G. (2016). Temporal and spatial variations of plasma and neutral velocities during substorm periods. Chinese Journal of Geophysics, 59(4), 395-403.

Georgev, V. K. (Ed.). (2016). Space Weather Fundamentals.

Panov, E. V., Baumjohann, W., Wolf, R. A., Nakamura, R., Angelopoulos, V., Weygand, J. M., & Kubyshkina, M. V. (2016). Magnetotail energy dissipation during an auroral substorm. Nature Physics, 12(12), 1158-1163.

Troshichev, O., Sormakov, D., & Behlke, R. (2016). Relationship between Pc Index and Magnetospheric Field-Aligned Currents Measured by Swarm Satellites. Journal of Space Exploration, 5(3).

Chulliat, A., Matzka, J., Masson, A., & Milan, S. E. (2016). Key ground-based and space-based assets to disentangle magnetic field sources in the Earth's environment. Space Science Reviews, 1-34.

Saiz, E., Guerrero, A., Cid, C., Palacios, J., & Cerrato, Y. (2016). Searching for Carrington-like events and their signatures and triggers. Journal of Space Weather and Space Climate, 6, A6.

Li, L. Y., Yu, J., Cao, J. B., & Yuan, Z. G. (2016). Compression-amplified EMIC waves and their effects on relativistic electrons. Physics of Plasmas, 23(6), 062116.

Merkin, V.G., Kondrashov, D., Ghil, M. and Anderson, B.J., (2016). Data assimilation of low-altitude magnetic perturbations into a global magnetosphere model. Space Weather, 14(2), 165-184. doi:10.1002/2015SW001330.

Verkhoglyadova O, Meng X, Mannucci A, Tsurutani B, Hunt L, et al. Estimation of energy budget of ionosphere- thermosphere system during two CIR-HSS events: observations and modeling. J. Space Weather Space Clim., 6, A20, 2016, DOI: 10.1051/swsc/2016013.

Zesta, E., Boudouridis, A., Weygand, J. M., Yizengaw, E., Moldwin, M. B., & Chi, P. (2016). Interhemispheric Asymmetries in Magnetospheric Energy Input. Ionospheric Space Weather: Longitude and Hemispheric Dependences and Lower Atmosphere Forcing, 1-20.

Luhr, H., Xiong, C., Olsen, N., & Le, G. (2016). Near-earth magnetic field effects of large-scale magnetospheric currents. Space Science Reviews, 1-25.

Boroyev, R. N. (2016). Intensity of the auroral electrojets during a recovery phase of magnetic storm. Advances in Space Research, 57(12), 2479-2486.

Perlongo, N. J., & Ridley, A. J. (2016). Universal time effect in the response of the thermosphere to electric field changes. Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics, 121(4), 3681-3698.

Laundal, K. M., Cnossen, I., Milan, S. E., Haaland, S. E., Coxon, J., Pedatella, N. M., ... & Reistad, J. P. (2016). North-South Asymmetries in Earth's Magnetic Field. Space Science Reviews, 1-33.

Finlay, C.C., Lesur, V., Thebault, E. et al. Space Sci Rev (2016). doi:10.1007/s11214-016-0285-9.

Stolle, C., Michaelis, I., & Rauberg, J. (2016). The role of high-resolution geomagnetic field models for investigating ionospheric currents at low Earth orbit satellites. Earth, Planets and Space, 68(1), 110.

Case, N.A., MacDonald, E.A. and Viereck, R., (2016). Using citizen science reports to define the equatorial extent of auroral visibility. Space Weather, 14(3), 198-209.doi:10.1002/2015SW001320.

Paxton, L. J., & Zhang, Y. (2016). Far Ultraviolet Imaging of the Aurora. Space Weather Fundamentals, 213.

Moore, T.E., Brenneman, K.S., Chappell, C.R., Clemmons, J.H., Collinson, G.A., Cully, C., Donovan, E., Earle, G.D., Gershman, D.J., Heelis, R.A. and Kistler, L.M., (2016). Future Atmosphere-Ionosphere-Magnetosphere Coupling Study Requirements. Magnetosphere-Ionosphere Coupling in the Solar System, 222, p.357.

Spence, H. E., Reeves, G. D., & Kessel, R. (2016). An Overview of Early Results from the Radiation Belt Storm Probes Energetic Particle, Composition, and Thermal Plasma Suite on NASA's Van Allen Probes Mission. Waves, Particles, and Storms in Geospace: A Complex Interplay, 425.

Lu, G., Richmond, A. D., Luhr, H., & Paxton, L. (2016). High-latitude energy input and its impact on the thermosphere. Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics, 121(7), 7108-7124.

Ngwira, C. M., & Coster, A. J. (2016). Global Ionospheric Electron Density Disturbances During the Initial Phase of a Geomagnetic Storm on 5 April 2010. Ionospheric Space Weather: Longitude and Hemispheric Dependences and Lower Atmosphere Forcing, 263-279.

Yang, X., Gao, X., Tao, D., Li, X., Han, B., & Li, J. (2016). Shape-constrained sparse and low-rank decomposition for auroral substorm detection. IEEE transactions on neural networks and learning systems, 27(1), 32-46.

Olsen, N., & Stolle, C. (2016). Magnetic Signatures of Ionospheric and Magnetospheric Current Systems During Geomagnetic Quiet Conditions - An Overview. Space Science Reviews, 1-21.

Laundal, K. M., & Richmond, A. D. (2016). Magnetic coordinate systems. Space Science Reviews, 1-33.

Laundal, K.M., Gjerloev, J.W., Ostgaard, N., Reistad, J.P., Haaland, S., Snekvik, K., Tenfjord, P., Ohtani, S. and Milan, S.E. (2016). The impact of sunlight on high-latitude equivalent currents. Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics. doi:10.1002/2015JA022236.

Lakhina, G.S. and Tsurutani, B.T., (2016). Geomagnetic storms: historical perspective to modern view. Geoscience Letters, 3(1), pp.1-11. doi:10.1186/s40562-016-0037-4.

Krall, J., Huba, J.D., Jordanova, V.K., Denton, R.E., Carranza, T. and Moldwin, M.B., (2016). Measurement and modeling of the refilling plasmasphere during 2001. Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics. doi:10.1002/2015JA022126.

Kikuchi, T., K. K. Hashimoto, I. Tomizawa, Y. Ebihara, Y. Nishimura, T. Araki, A. Shinbori, B. Veenadhari, T. Tanaka, and T. Nagatsuma (2016), Response of the incompressible ionosphere to the compression of the magnetosphere during the geomagnetic sudden commencements, J. Geophys. Res. Space Physics, 121, 1536-1556, doi:10.1002/2015JA022166.


McGranaghan, R., D. J. Knipp, T. Matsuo, H. Godinez, R. J. Redmon, S. C. Solomon, and S. K. Morley (2015), Modes of high-latitude auroral conductance variability derived from DMSP energetic electron precipitation observations: Empirical orthogonal function analysis, J. Geophys. Res. Space Physics, 120, 11,013-11,031, doi:10.1002/2015JA021828.

Haaland, S., A. Eriksson, M. André, L. Maes, L. Baddeley, A. Barakat, R. Chappell, V. Eccles, C. Johnsen, B. Lybekk, et al. (2015), Estimation of cold plasma outflow during geomagnetic storms, J. Geophys. Res. Space Physics, 120, 10,622-10,639, doi:10.1002/2015JA021810.

Oliveira, D. M, J. Raeder, and J. W. Gjerloev (2015), Effects of Interplanetary Shock Inclinations on Nightside Auroral Power Intensity, Braz J Phys, doi:10.1007/s13538-015-0389-9.

Waters, C. L., J. W. Gjerloev, M. Dupont, and R. J. Barnes (2015), Global maps of ground magnetometer data, J. Geophys. Res. Space Physics, 120, doi:10.1002/2015JA021596.

Motoba, T., S. Ohtani, B. J. Anderson, H. Korth, D. Mitchell, L. J. Lanzerotti, K. Shiokawa, M. Connors, C. A. Kletzing, and G. D. Reeves (2015), On the formation and origin of substorm growth phase/onset auroral arcs inferred from conjugate space-ground observations, J. Geophys. Res. Space Physics, 120, doi:10.1002/2015JA021676.

Anand K. Singh, A.K. Sinha, S. Saini, Rahul Rawat, Auroral electrojets during severely disturbed geomagnetic condition on 24 August 2005, Advances in Space Research, Volume 55, Issue 5, 1 March 2015, Pages 1349-1355, ISSN 0273-1177,

Moen, J., K. Hosokawa, N. Gulbrandsen, and L. B. N. Clausen (2015), On the symmetry of ionospheric polar cap patch exits around magnetic midnight, J. Geophys. Res. Space Physics, 120, 7785-7797, doi:10.1002/2014JA020914.

Zhang, L. Q., J. Y. Wang, W. Baumjohann, H. Rème, L. Dai, M. W. Dunlop, T. Chen, and Y. Huang (2015), X lines in the magnetotail for southward and northward IMF conditions, J. Geophys. Res. Space Physics, 120, 7764-7773, doi:10.1002/2015JA021503.

Dods, J., S. C. Chapman, and J. W. Gjerloev (2015), Network Analysis of Geomagnetic Substorms Using the SuperMAG Database of Ground Based Magnetometer Stations, J. Geophys. Res. Space Physics, , doi:10.1002/2015JA021456.

Laundal, K. M., S. E. Haaland, N. Lehtinen, J. W. Gjerloev, N. Ostgaard, P. Tenfjord, J. P. Reistad, K. Snekvik, S. E. Milan, S. Ohtani, et al. (2015), Birkeland current effects on high-latitude ground magnetic field perturbations, Geophys. Res. Lett., , doi:10.1002/2015GL065776.

Watson, C., P. T. Jayachandran, H. J. Singer, R. J. Redmon, and D. Danskin (2015), Large amplitude GPS TEC variations associated with Pc5-6 magnetic field variations observed on the ground and at geosynchronous orbit. J. Geophys. Res. Space Physics, 120, doi:10.1002/2015JA021517.

Yao, Y., Y. Ebihara, and T. Tanaka (2015), Formation and evolution of high-plasma-pressure region in the near-Earth plasma sheet: Precursor and postcursor of substorm expansion onset, J. Geophys. Res. Space Physics, 120, doi:10.1002/2015JA021187.

Rodger, C. J., K. Cresswell-Moorcock, and M. A. Clilverd (2015), Nature's grand experiment: Linkage between magnetospheric convection and the radiation belts, J. Geophys. Res. Space Physics, 120, doi:10.1002/2015JA021537.

Lyatskaya, S., W. Lyatsky, and E. Zesta (2015), Effect of interhemispheric currents on equivalent ionospheric currents in two hemispheres: Simulation results, J. Geophys. Res. Space Physics, 120, doi:10.1002/2015JA021167.

Milan, S. E., J. A. Carter, H. Korth, and B. J. Anderson (2015), Principal Component Analysis of Birkeland currents determined by the Active Magnetosphere and Planetary Electrodynamics Response Experiment, J. Geophys. Res. Space Physics, 120, doi:10.1002/2015JA021680.

Newell, P. T., Liou, K., Zhang, Y., Sotirelis, T. S., Paxton, L. J., & Mitchell, E. J. (2015). Auroral Precipitation Models and Space Weather. Auroral Dynamics and Space Weather, 215, 277.

Forsyth, C., I. J. Rae, J. C. Coxon, M. P. Freeman, C. M. Jackman, J. Gjerloev, and A. N. Fazakerley (2015), A New Technique for Determining Substorm Onsets and Phases from Indices of the Electrojet (SOPHIE), J. Geophys. Res. Space Physics, 120, doi:10.1002/2015JA021343.

Katsavrias, C., Daglis, I. A., Li, W., Dimitrakoudis, S., Georgiou, M., Turner, D. L., and Papadimitriou, C.: Combined effects of concurrent Pc5 and chorus waves on relativistic electron dynamics, Ann. Geophys., 33, 1173-1181, doi:10.5194/angeo-33-1173-2015, 2015.

Nemec, F., M. Parrot, and O. Santolik (2015), Power line harmonic radiation observed by the DEMETER spacecraft at 50/60 Hz and low harmonics, J. Geophys. Res. Space Physics, 120, 8954-8967, doi:10.1002/2015JA021682.

Chambodut, A., A. Marchaudon, C. Lathuillère, M. Menvielle, and E. Foucault (2015), New hemispheric geomagnetic indices α with 15 min time resolution, J. Geophys. Res. Space Physics, 120, doi:10.1002/2015JA021479.

Raeder, J., & Knipp, D. (2015). Framework for Understanding Global Versus Local Energy Deposition into the Ionosphere and Thermosphere (No. AFRL-AFOSR-VA-2015-0247). NEW HAMPSHIRE UNIV DURHAM. Chicago

Escoubet, C. P., Masson, A., Laakso, H., and Goldstein, M. L.: Recent highlights from Cluster, the first 3-D magnetospheric mission, Ann. Geophys., 33, 1221-1235, doi:10.5194/angeo-33-1221-2015, 2015.

Reay , S. J.., D. C. Herzog, S. Alex, E. P. Kharin, S. McLean, M. Nosé, N. A. Sergeyeva, Magnetic Observatory Data and Metadata: Types and Availability, Springer Netherlands , Geomagnetic Observations and Models, Volume 5 of the series IAGA Special Sopron Book Series pp 149-181, doi:10.1007/978-90-481-9858-0_7

Georgiou, M., I. A. Daglis, E. Zesta, G. Balasis, I. R. Mann, C. Katsavrias, and K. Tsinganos (2015), Association of radiation belt electron enhancements with earthward penetration of Pc5 ULF waves: a case study of intense 2001 magnetic storms , Ann. Geophys., 33, 1431-1442, doi:10.5194/angeo-33-1431-2015

Oliveira, D. M., and J. Raeder (2015), Impact angle control of interplanetary shock geoeffectiveness: A statistical study, J. Geophys. Res. Space Physics, 120, doi:10.1002/2015JA021147.

Yang, X., Gao, X., Tao, D., Li, X., Han, B., & Li, J. (2015). Shape-Constrained Sparse and Low-Rank Decomposition for Auroral Substorm Detection, Neural Networks and Learning Systems, IEEE Transactions on, PP(99), doi:10.1109/TNNLS.2015.2411613.

Tsurutani, B. T., Hajra, R., Echer, E., and Gjerloev, J. W.: Extremely intense (SML <= -2500 nT) substorms: isolated events that are externally triggered?, Ann. Geophys., 33, 519-524, doi:10.5194/angeo-33-519-2015, 2015.

Schrijver, C.J., et al. Understanding space weather to shield society: A global road map for 2015-2025 commissioned by COSPAR and ILWS (2015), Advances in Space Research, 5(12), 2745-2807, doi:10.1016/j.asr.2015.03.023.

Romanova, N. V., V. A. Pilipenko, M. V. Stepanova, On the magnetic precursor of the Chilean earthquake of February 27, 2010, Geomagnetism and Aeronomy, March 2015, Volume 55, Issue 2, pp 219-222, doi:10.1134/S0016793215010107.

Chu, X., R. L. McPherron, T.-S. Hsu, and V. Angelopoulos (2015), Solar cycle dependence of substorm occurrence and duration: Implications for onset, J. Geophys. Res. Space Physics, 120, doi:10.1002/2015JA021104.

Beharrell, M. J., F. Honary, C. J. Rodger, and M. A. Clilverd (2015), Substorm-induced energetic electron precipitation: Morphology and prediction, J. Geophys. Res. Space Physics, 120, doi:10.1002/2014JA020632.

Palin, L. et al. (2015), Three-dimensional current systems and ionospheric effects associated with small dipolarisation fronts, J. Geophys. Res. Space Physics, 120, doi:10.1002/2015JA021040.

Gvishiani, A.D. Lukianova, A. and R. Yu. (2105), Geoinformatics and observations of the Earth's magnetic field: The Russian segment, Izvestiya, Physics of the Solid Earth, 1069-3513, Vol. 51, Issue 2, doi:10.1134/S1069351315020044.

Singha, A. K., A. K. Sinhab, S. Sainia, R. Rawatb (2015), Auroral electrojets during severely disturbed geomagnetic condition on 24 August 2005, Advances in Space Research, Vol. 55, Issue 5, 1 March 2015, Pages 1349-1355, doi:10.1016/j.asr.2014.11.034.

Pothier, N. M., D. R. Weimer, and W. B. Moore (2015), Quantitative maps of geomagnetic perturbation vectors during substorm onset and recovery, J. Geophys. Res. Space Physics, 120, doi:10.1002/2014JA020602.

Shen, C., G. Zeng, X. Li, and Z. J. Rong (2015), Evolution of the storm magnetic field disturbance around Earth's surface and the associated ring current as deduced from multiple ground observatories, J. Geophys. Res. Space Physics, 120, 564-580, doi:10.1002/2014JA020562.

Yamazaki, Y., M. J. Kosch, and E. K. Sutton (2015), North-south asymmetry of the high-latitude thermospheric density: IMF BY effect, J. Geophys. Res. Lett., 42, 225-232, doi:10.1002/2014GL062748.

Liuzzo, L. R., A. J. Ridley, N. J. Perlongo, E. J. Mitchell, M. Conde, D. L. Hampton, W. A. Bristow, and M.J. Nicolls (2015), High-latitude ionospheric drivers and their effects on wind patterns in the thermosphere, J. Geophys. Res. Space Physics, 120, 715-735, doi:10.1002/2014JA020553.

Chu, X., R. L. McPherron, T.-S. Hsu, V. Angelopoulos, Z. Pu, Z. Yao, H. Zhang, and M. Connors (2015), Magnetic mapping effects of substorm currents leading to auroral poleward expansion and equatorward retreat, J. Geophys. Res. Space Physics, 120, 253-265, doi:10.1002/2014JA020596.


Menk, F., Z. Kale, M. Sciffer, P. Robinson, C. Waters, R. Grew, M. Clilverd, and I. Mann (2014), Remote sensing the plasmasphere, plasmapause, plumes and other features using ground-based magnetometers, Journal of Space Weather and Space Climate, Vol 4, A34, doi:10.1051/swsc/2014030

Gvishiani, A. , R. Lukianova, A. Soloviev, A. Khokhlov, (2014), Survey of Geomagnetic Observations Made in the Northern Sector of Russia and New Methods for Analysing Them, , Surv Geophys, 35:1123-1154 doi:10.1007/s10712-014-9297-8.

Wang Y., A.M. Du, G. X. Chen, X. Cao, Y. Zhang, M. Li, X. C. Liu, J. P. Guo, (2014), Comparing the diurnal variations in the SuperMAG auroral electrojet indices SML and SMU, CHINESE SCIENCE BULLETIN, Vol. 59, 29-30, 3877-3883, doi:10.1007/s11434-014-0451-y.

Forsyth, C., et al. (2014), Increases in plasma sheet temperature with solar wind driving during substorm growth phases, J. Geophys. Res. Lett., 41, doi:10.1002/2014GL062400.

Coxon, J. C., S. E. Milan, L. B. N. Clausen, B. J. Anderson, and H. Korth (2014), A superposed epoch analysis of the regions 1 and 2 Birkeland currents observed by AMPERE during substorms, J. Geophys. Res. Space Physics, 119, doi:10.1002/2014JA020500.

Coxon, J. C., S. E. Milan, L. B. N. Clausen, B. J. Anderson, and H. Korth (2014), The magnitudes of the regions 1 and 2 Birkeland currents observed by AMPERE and their role in solar wind-magnetosphere-ionosphere coupling, J. Geophys. Res. Space Physics, 119, doi:10.1002/2014JA020138.

Newell, P. T., and J. W. Gjerloev (2014), Local geomagnetic indices and the prediction of auroral power, J. Geophys. Res. Space Physics, 119, doi:10.1002/2014JA020524.

Sergeev, V. A., D. A. Sormakov, and V. Angelopoulos (2014), A missing variable in solar wind-magnetosphere-ionosphere coupling studies, J. Geophys. Res. Lett., 41, doi:10.1002/2014GL062271.

Broughton, M. C., J. LaBelle, and M. Parrot (2014), DEMETER observations of bursty MF emissions and their relation to ground-level auroral MF burst, J. Geophys. Res. Space Physics, 119, doi:10.1002/2014JA020410.

Haaland, S., J. Reistad, P. Tenfjord, J. Gjerloev, L. Maes, J. DeKeyser, R. Maggiolo, C. Anekallu, and N. Dorville (2014), Characteristics of the flank magnetopause: Cluster observations, J. Geophys. Res. Space Physics, 119, 9019-9037, doi:10.1002/2014JA020539.

Andréeová, K., Juusola, L., Kilpua, E. K. J., and Koskinen, H. E. J.: Analysis of double-step response to an interplanetary shock in the dayside magnetosphere, Ann. Geophys., 32, 1293-1302, doi:10.5194/angeo-32-1293-2014, 2014.

Laundal, K. M., and J. W. Gjerloev (2014), What is the appropriate coordinate system for magnetometer data when analyzing ionospheric currents?, J. Geophys. Res. Space Physics, 119, doi:10.1002/2014JA020484.

Horvath, I., and B. C. Lovell (2014), Perturbation electric fields and disturbance currents investigated during the 25 September 1998 great storm, J. Geophys. Res. Space Physics, 119, doi:10.1002/2014JA020480.

Yao, Z. H., et al. (2014), Current reduction in a pseudo-breakup event: THEMIS observations, J. Geophys. Res. Space Physics, 119, doi:10.1002/2014JA020186.

Newell, P. T., K. Liou, Y. Zhang, T. Sotirelis, L. J. Paxton, and E. J. Mitchell (2014), OVATION Prime-2013: Extension of auroral precipitation model to higher disturbance levels, Space Weather, 12, 368-379, doi:10.1002/2014SW001056.

Wang, Y. A. Du, G. Chen, X. Cao, Y. Zhang, M. Li, X. Liu, J. Guo (2014), Comparing the diurnal variations in the SuperMAG auroral electrojet indices SML and SMU, Chinese Science Bulletin. Volume 59. Issue 29-30. Page 3877 - 3883.

Li, H., C. Wang, and S. Y. Fu (2014), Classification of fast flows in central plasma sheet: Superposed Epoch Analysis based on THEMIS observations, J. Geophys. Res. Space Physics, 119, doi:10.1002/2014JA020105, 2014.

Holappa, L., K. Mursula, T. Asikainen, and I.G. Richardson (2014), Annual fractions of high-speed streams from principal component analysis of local geomagnetic activity, J. Geophys. Res. Space Physics, 119, 4544-4555, doi:10.1002/2014JA019958.

Walsh, A. P., Haaland, S., Forsyth, C., Keesee, A. M., Kissinger, J., Li, K., Runov, A., Soucek, J., Walsh, B. M., Wing, S., and Taylor, M. G. G. T.: Dawn-dusk asymmetries in the coupled solar wind-magnetosphere-ionosphere system: a review, Ann. Geophys., 32, 705-737, doi:10.5194/angeo-32-705-2014, 2014.

He, M., J. Vogt, H. Lühr, and E. Sorbalo (2014), Local time resolved dynamics of field-aligned currents and their response to solar wind variability, J. Geophys. Res. Space Physics, 119, doi:10.1002/2014JA019776.

Gjerloev, J. W., and R. A. Hoffman (2014), The large-scale current system during auroral substorms, J. Geophys. Res. Space Physics, 119, 4591-4606, doi:10.1002/2013JA019176.

Wang, C., J. P. Han, H. Li, Z. Peng, and J. D. Richardson (2014), Solar wind-magnetosphere energy coupling function fitting: Results from a global MHD simulation, J. Geophys. Res. Space Physics, 119, doi:10.1002/2014JA019834.

Ohtani, S., and T. Uozumi (2014), Nightside magnetospheric current circuit: Time constants of the solar wind-magnetosphere coupling, J. Geophys. Res. Space Physics, 119, doi:10.1002/2013JA019680.

Hajra, R., E. Echer, B. T. Tsurutani, and W. D. Gonzalez (2014), Solar wind-magnetosphere energy coupling efficiency and partitioning: HILDCAAs and preceding CIR storms during solar cycle 23, J. Geophys. Res. Space Physics, 119, doi:10.1002/2013JA019646.

Guo J., H. Liu, X. Feng, T. I. Pulkkinen, E. I. Tanskanen, C. Liu, D. Zhong and Y. Wang (2014), MLT and seasonal dependence of auroral electrojets: IMAGE magnetometer network observations, J. Geophys. Res. Space Physics, doi:10.1002/2014JA019843

Noah, M. A., and W. J. Burke (2014), Magnetospheric conditions for sawtooth event development, J. Geophys. Res. Space Physics, 119, doi:10.1002/2013JA019573.

Chu, X., et al. (2014), Development and validation of inversion technique for substorm current wedge using ground magnetic field data, J. Geophys. Res. Space Physics, 119, 1909-1924, doi:10.1002/2013JA019185.

Guo, J., T. I. Pulkkinen, E. I. Tanskanen, X. Feng, B. A. Emery, H. Liu, C. Liu, and D. Zhong (2014), Annual variations in westward auroral electrojet and substorm occurrence rate during solar cycle 23, J. Geophys. Res. Space Physics, 119, 2061-2068, doi:10.1002/2013JA019742.


Chambodut, A., A. Marchaudon, M. Menvielle, F. El-Lemdani Mazouz, and C. Lathuillère (2013), The K-derived MLT sector geomagnetic indices, J. Geophys. Res. Lett., 40, 4808-4812, doi:10.1002/grl.50947.

Zhang, X. -Y., M.B. Moldwin, M. Cartwright (2013), The geo-effectiveness of interplanetary small-scale magnetic fluxropes, Journal of Atmospheric and Solar-Terrestrial Physics , 95-96, doi:10.1016/j.jastp.2012.12.006.

Liou, K., K. Takahashi, B.J. Anderson, M. Nose, T. Iyemori (2013), Assessment of the auroral electrojet index performance under various geomagnetic conditions, Journal of Atmospheric and Solar-Terrestrial Physics, 92, Pages 31-36.

van de Kamp, M., Harmonic quiet-day curves as magnetometer baselines for ionospheric current analyses, Geosci. Instrum. Method. Data Syst., 2, 289-304, doi:10.5194/gi-2-289-2013, 2013.

Mitchell, E. J., P. T. Newell, J. W. Gjerloev, and K. Liou (2013), OVATION-SM: A model of auroral precipitation based on SuperMAG generalized auroral electrojet and substorm onset times, J. Geophys. Res. Space Physics, 118, 3747-3759, doi:10.1002/jgra.50343.

Fiori, R. A. D., D. H. Boteler, D. M. Gillies, Assessment of GIC risk due to geomagnetic sudden commencements and identification of the current systems responsible, Space Weather, doi:10.1002/2013SW000967.

Tenfjord, P., and N. Ostgaard (2013), Energy transfer and flow in the solar wind-magnetosphere-ionosphere system: A new coupling function, J. Geophys. Res. Space Physics, 118, 5659-5672, doi:10.1002/jgra.50545.

Haaland, S., and J. Gjerloev (2013), On the relation between asymmetries in the ring current and magnetopause current, J. Geophys. Res. Space Physics, 118, 7593-7604, doi:10.1002/2013JA019345.

Imber, S. M., S. E. Milan, and M. Lester (2013), Solar cycle variations in polar cap area measured by the superDARN radars, J. Geophys. Res. Space Physics, 118, 6188-6196, doi:10.1002/jgra.50509.

Liou, K., P. T. Newell, Y.-L. Zhang, and L. J. Paxton (2013), Statistical comparison of isolated and non-isolated auroral substorms, J. Geophys. Res. Space Physics, 118, 2466-2477, doi:10.1002/jgra.50218.

Moore, T. E., M. O. Chandler, N. Buzulukova, G. A. Collinson, E. L. Kepko, K. S. Garcia-Sage, M. G. Henderson, and M. I. Sitnov (2013), "Snowplow" injection front effects, J. Geophys. Res. Space Physics, 118, 6478-6488, doi:10.1002/jgra.50573.

Walsh, A. P., A. N. Fazakerley, C. Forsyth, C. J. Owen, M. G. G. T. Taylor, and I. J. Rae (2013), Sources of electron pitch angle anisotropy in the magnetotail plasma sheet, J. Geophys. Res. Space Physics, 118, 6042-6054, doi:10.1002/jgra.50553.

Ream, J. B., R. J. Walker, M. Ashour-Abdalla, M. El-Alaoui, M. G. Kivelson, and M. L. Goldstein (2013), Generation of Pi2 pulsations by intermittent earthward propagating dipolarization fronts: An MHD case study, J. Geophys. Res. Space Physics, 118, 6364-6377, doi:10.1002/2013JA018734.

Wing, S., M. Gkioulidou, J. R. Johnson, P. T. Newell, and C.-P. Wang (2013), Auroral particle precipitation characterized by the substorm cycle, J. Geophys. Res. Space Physics, 118, 1022-1039, doi:10.1002/jgra.50160.

Merkin, V. G., B. J. Anderson, J. G. Lyon, H. Korth, M. Wiltberger, and T. Motoba (2013), Global evolution of Birkeland currents on 10 min timescales: MHD simulations and observations, J. Geophys. Res. Space Physics, 118, 4977-4997, doi:10.1002/jgra.50466.

Singh, A. K., Sinha, A. K., Rajaram, R., and Pathan, B. M.: Storm-time longitudinally propagating asymmetric modes at low latitudes, Ann. Geophys., 30, 131-141, doi:10.5194/angeo-30-131-2012, 2012.

Dougal, E. R., Nykyri, K., and Moore, T. W.: Mapping of the quasi-periodic oscillations at the flank magnetopause into the ionosphere, Ann. Geophys., 31, 1993-2011, doi:10.5194/angeo-31-1993-2013, 2013.

Yang, QJ, J. M. Liang, J. M. Liu, Z. J. Hu, H. Q. Hu, A method for automatic identification of substorm expansion phase onset from UVI images, CHINESE JOURNAL OF GEOPHYSICS-CHINESE EDITION, 56, 5, 1435-1447, doi:10.6038/cjg20130502, 2013

Cresswell-Moorcock, K., C. J. Rodger, A. Kero, A. B. Collier, M. A. Clilverd, I. Häggström, and T. Pitkänen, A reexamination of latitudinal limits of substorm-produced energetic electron precipitation, J. Geophys. Res., (in press) 2013

Lui, A. T. Y., Cross-tail current evolution during substorm dipolarization, Ann. Geophys., 31, 1131-1142, doi:10.5194/angeo-31-1131-2013, 2013

Zou, S.,M. B. Moldwin, M. J. Nicolls, A. J. Ridley, A. J. Coster, E. Yizengaw, L. R. Lyons, and E. F. Donovan, Electrodynamics of the high-latitude trough: Its relationship with convection flows and field-aligned currents, J. Geophys. Res. Space Physics, 118, 2565-2572, doi:10.1002/jgra.50120, 2013

Noah, M. A. and W. J. Burke, Sawtooth-substorm connections: A closer look, J. Geophys. Res. Space Physics, 118, Issue 8, pages 5136-5148, doi:10.1002/jgra.50440, August 2013

Wei, L. H., N. Homeier, and J. L. Gannon, Surface electric fields for North America during historical geomagnetic storms, Space Weather, 11, 451-462, doi:10.1002/swe.20073, 2013

Newell, P. T., J. W. Gjerloev, and E. J. Mitchell, Space climate implications from substorm frequency, J. Geophys. Res. Space Physics, 118, doi:10.1002/jgra.50597, 2013

Singh, A. K., R. Rawat, and B. M. Pathan, On the UT and seasonal variations of the standard and SuperMAG auroral electrojet indices, J. Geophys. Res. Space Physics, 118, doi:10.1002/jgra.50488, 2013

Ohtani, S., T. Uozumi, H. Kawano, A. Yoshikawa, H. Utada, T. Nagatsuma, and K. Yumoto, The response of the dayside equatorial electrojet to step-like changes of IMF Bz, J. Geophys. Res. Space Physics, 118, doi:10.1002/jgra.50318, 2013


Connors, M., Comment on "Substorm growth and expansion onset as observed with ideal ground-spacecraft THEMIS coverage" by V. Sergeev et al., J. Geophys. Res., 117, A02205, doi:10.1029/2011JA017254, 2012

Ohtani, S., H. Korth, S. Wing, E. R. Talaat, H. U. Frey, and J. W. Gjerloev, The double auroral oval in the dusk-midnight sector: Formation, mapping and dynamics, J. Geophys. Res., 117, A08203, doi:10.1029/2011JA017501, 2012

Gjerloev, J. W., The SuperMAG data processing technique, J. Geophys. Res., 117, doi:10.1029/2012JA017683, 2012

Fiori, R. A. D., D. Boteler, and A. V. Koustov, Response of ionospheric convection to sharp southward IMF turnings inferred from magnetometer and radar data, J. Geophys. Res., 117 (A09302), doi:10.1029/2012JA017755., 2012

Newell, P. T. and J. W. Gjerloev, SuperMAG-Based Partial Ring Current Indices, J. Geophys. Res., 117, doi:10.1029/2012JA017586, 2012


Zhou, X.-Y., W. Sun, A. J. Ridley, and S. B. Mende, Joule heating associated with auroral electrojets during magnetospheric substorms, J. Geophys. Res., 116, A00I28, doi:10.1029/2010JA015804, 2011

Maynard, N. C., C. J. Farrugia, W. J. Burke, D. M. Ober, J. D. Scudder, F. S. Mozer, C. T. Russell, H. Rème, C. Mouikis, and K. D. Siebert, Interactions of the heliospheric current and plasma sheets with the bow shock: Cluster and Polar observations in the magnetosheath, J. Geophys. Res., 116, A01212, doi:10.1029/2010JA015872, 2011

Newell, P. T., and J. W. Gjerloev, Evaluation of SuperMAG auroral electrojet indices as indicators of substorms and auroral power, J. Geophys. Res., 116, A12211, doi:10.1029/2011JA016779, 2011

Newell, P. T., and J. W. Gjerloev, Substorm and magnetosphere characteristic scales inferred from the SuperMAG auroral electrojet indices, J. Geophys. Res., 116, A12232, doi:10.1029/2011JA016936, 2011


Juusola, L., K. Andréeová, O. Amm, K. Kauristie, S. E. Milan, M. Palmroth, and N. Partamies, Effects of a solar wind dynamic pressure increase in the magnetosphere and in the ionosphere, Annales Geophysicae, 28, 1945-1959, doi:10.5194/angeo-28-1945-2010, 2010.

Lee, A., P. Newell, J. W. Gjerloev, and K. Liou, Relatively Low-Latitude Wave Aurora and Substorms, J. Geophys. Res. Lett., 37, doi:10.1029/2009GL041680, 2010

Gjerloev, J. W., R. A. Hoffman, S. Ohtani, J. Weygand, and R. Barnes, Response of the Auroral Electrojet Indices to Abrupt Southward IMF Turnings, Annales Geophysicae, 28, 1167-1182, doi:10.5194/angeo-28-1167-2010, 2010


Amm, O., A. Aruliah, S.C. Buchert, R. Fujii, J.W. Gjerloev, A. Ieda, T. Matsuo, C. Stolle, H. Vanhaaki, and A.Yoshikawa, Towards understanding the electrodynamics of the 3-dimensional high-latitude ionosphere: present and future, Annales Geophysicae, 26, 3913-3932, doi:10.5194/angeo-26-3913-2008, 2009

Gjerloev, J. W., A Global Ground-Based Magnetometer Initiative, EOS, 90, 230-231, doi:10.1029/2009EO270002, 2009

Shue, J.-H., Kamide, Y., and Gjerloev, J. W., Effects of solar wind density on auroral electrojets and brightness under influence of substorms, Annales Geophysicae, 27, 113-119, doi:10.5194/angeo-27-113-2009, 2009


Gjerloev, J. W., R. A. Greenwald, C. L. Waters, K. Takahashi, D. Sibeck, K. Oksavik, R. Barnes, J. Baker, and J. M. Ruohoniemi, Observations of Pi2 pulsations by the Wallops HF radar in association with substorm expansion, J. Geophys. Res. Lett., 34,L20103, doi:10.1029/2007GL030492, 2007

Gjerloev J. W., R. A. Hoffman, J. B. Sigwarth, L. A. Frank, Statistical description of the bulge-type auroral substorm in the far ultraviolet, J. Geophys. Res., 112, A07213, doi:10.1029/2006JA012189, 2007

Gjerloev, J. W., R. A. Hoffman J. B. Sigwarth , L. A. Frank, and J. Baker, The typical auroral substorm: A bifurcated oval, J. Geophys. Res., 113, A03211, doi:10.1029/2007JA012431, 2007

Saetre C., C. A. Barth, J. Stadsnes, N. Ostgaard, S. M. Bailey, D. N. Baker, G. A. Germany, and J. W. Gjerloev, Thermospheric nitric oxide at higher latitudes: Model calculations with auroral energy input, J. Geophys. Res, 112, doi:10.1029/2006JA012203, 2007

Wing, S., J. W. Gjerloev, J. Johnson, R. A. Hoffman, Substorm plasma sheet ion pressure profiles, J. Geophys. Res. Lett, 34, doi:10.1029/2007GL030453, 2007


Green, D. L., C. L. Waters, J. W. Gjerloev, The use of spherical cap harmonic analysis in predicting ground magnetic perturbations from ionospheric electric field and conductance models, Australian Institute of Physics (AIP), 17th National Congress, 2006

Pulkkinen T. I., N. Y. Ganushkina, E. I. Tanskanen, M. Kubyshkina, G. D. Reeves, M. F. Thomsen, C. T. Russell, H. J. Singer, J. A. Slavin, J. Gjerloev, Magnetospheric current systems during stormtime sawtooth events, J. Geophys. Res., 111, doi:10.1029/2006JA011627, 2006

Saetre, C., C. A. Barth, J. Stadsnes, N. Oestgaard, S. M. Bailey, D. N. Baker, and J. W. Gjerloev, Comparison of electron energy deposition calculated by a photochemical nitric oxide model, and derived from X-ray bremsstrahlung measurements, J. Geophys. Res., 111, doi:10.1029/2005JA011391, 2006


Ahn B.-H., G. X. Chen, W. Sun, J. W. Gjerloev, Y. Kamide, J. B. Sigwarth, L. A. Frank, Equatorward expansion of the westward electrojet during magnetically disturbed periods, Multiscale Coupling of Sun-Earth Processes, 145-156, 2005

Ahn B.-H., G. X. Chen, W. Sun, J. W. Gjerloev, Y. Kamide, J. B. Sigwarth, L. A. Frank , Equatorward expansion of the westward electrojet during magnetically disturbed periods, J. Geophys. Res., 110, A01305, doi:10.1029/2004JA010553, 2005

Tanskanen E. I., J. A. Slavin, D. H. Fairfield, D. G. Sibeck, J. Gjerloev, T. Mukai, A. Ieda, T. Nagai, Magnetotail response to prolonged southward IMF Bz intervals: Loading, unloading, and continuous magnetospheric dissipation, J. Geophys. Res., 110, A03216, doi:10.1029/2004JA010561, 2005